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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 109. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: July-August.
Type: Type: Described from ‘Monspelii & ad Danubium’ (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: India, Pakistan, Kashmir westward to Spain through S. Europe.
Illustration: Rubia tinctorum L. (Illustration)
Map Location: A-7 Chitral, Siddiqi & Rehman 26895 (RAW); B-9 Olding, Ladak, 9000 ft., R.R. Stewart 21034 (RAW); D-4 Quetta, common, wild, Mohinder Nath 2400 (KUH).


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Perennial climbing herb. Stem quadrangular, angles scabrid, other parts glabrous. Leaves 4-6 in a whorl, 4-10 x 0.5-3.5 cm, elliptic, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, glabrous, denticulate, acute or acuminate and attenuate, midrib ± scabrid beneath; lateral obscure, petiole 2-3 mm. Inflorescence axillary and terminal paniculate cymes, peduncle quadrangular, prickly. Flowers 3-5 mm in diameter, greenish or white, pedicel c. 2 mm long, 4 angled, prickly; bracts 2, opposite, foliaceous, sessile, ellipitic or lanceolate. Calyx globose. Corolla rotate, lobes 5, lanceolate, acuminate, 2-2.5 mm long. Stamens 5, filaments short, 0.5 mm long, anthers linear-oblong, c. 0.5 mm long, dorsifixed. Disc annular. Ovary 2 loculed, c. 2 mm long; styles 2, united at the base; stigma globose. Fruit globose or didymous, 3.5-4 x 4-5 mm.
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