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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1021–1022. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-May.
Type: Type: Described from Europe, Herb. Linn. 1158/94 (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Europe except the Arctic W. Siberia; Mediterranean region, S.W. and Central Asia. Often planted. Widely naturalized in Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A nectiferous plant; the wood is used as timber and for making cricket bats; young branches are used for weaving baskets. (F. Zhenfu, Z. Shidong & A.K. Skvortsov, l.c.).
Map Location: A-7 Gilgit, 7 miles from Yasin on way to Barkulti, along Thyok nullah, tree, 5 m, 18.6.1982, S. Omer 245 (BM, KUH); B-7 Swat, by river below Utrot, 7500-8000 ft, 22.7.1953, R.R. Stewart & A. Rahman 25137 (BM); Swat, Kalam to Utrot, 7500 ft, by river, tree c. 35 ft, 20.7.1953, R.R. Stewart & A. Rahman 25136 (BM, RAW); Kashmir, Kishengana valley, below Sharda, 6000 ft, 20.7.1939, R.R. Stewart 17778 (RAW); Kishengana valley, Keran to Reshno, c. 5500 ft, 19.7.1939, R.R. & I.D. Stewart 17700 (RAW); B-8 Baltistan, Hushe valley, stream of Hushe R., c. 3 miles north of Hushe village, c. 10,500 ft, tree, c. 5 m. high, July 1955, G.L. Webster & E. Nasir 5966 (K); D-4 Baluchistan: Zarghun, 8500 ft, fairly large tree (up to 30 ft, high) in water course, common and generally in fruit, 11.6 45, H. Santapau 6688 (K); Quetta, Wali Tangi, tree, c. 4 cm, fr. white, 22.5.1984, S. Omer & A. Ghafoor 1759 (BM, KUH).


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Tree up to 35 m tall, bark dark grey, fissured. Young branches erect or drooping, silky, later becoming glabrous. Buds 6 x 1.5-2 mm, lanceolate-oblong, flattened, silky, acute. Leaves stipulate, stipules small, lanceolate, caducous. Petiole 5-8 mm, eglandular, lamina 5-10-(15) x 1-3 cm, narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, finely serrate, silky adpressed pilose when young, becoming subglabrescent. Catkins appearing with leaves, dense, cylindrical, often bisexual, rachis densely pubescent, stalked with entire, oblong-obovate, obtusish bracts. Male catkin 25-50 x 3-4 mm. before anthesis. Stamens 2, free, filaments hairy towards the base, anthers 0.5-0.6 (-7) mm, yellow. Female catkin 3-5 x c. 0.6 cm, lax, glands 1 or 2, ovary ovoid, conical, obtuse, glabrous, subsessile; fruiting stipe 0.2-0.8 mm, equalling gland.
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