Home Flora of Missouri
Name Search
Lycium barbarum L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 192. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/22/2017)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 7/9/2009)
Status: Introduced


Export To PDF Export To Word

1. Lycium barbarum L. (matrimony vine)

L. halimifolium Mill.

Pl. 561 d, e; Map 2615

Leaf blades 0.8–2.0 cm long (to 5[–7] cm on rapidly elongating young shoots) mostly lanceolate to oblanceolate, rarely elliptic or ovate-elliptic. Flower stalks 10–23 mm long. Calyces 3–6 mm long, the lobes rounded or angled to a bluntly or sharply pointed tip. Corollas 9–14 mm long, purple, narrowly bell-shaped; the tube longer than the lobes, more or less funnel-shaped, the lobes spreading, mostly glabrous to sparsely and minutely hairy along the margins. 2n=24. May–September.

Introduced, widely scattered, mostly around urban areas and in southwestern Missouri (native of Europe, Asia, introduced sporadically nearly throughout North America). Banks of streams and rivers; also old homesites, farmyards, pastures, fencerows, levees, railroads, roadsides, and open, disturbed areas.

Feinbrun and Stearn (1963) studied type specimens in the L. barbarum complex and determined that the epithets L. barbarum and L. halimifolium apply to the same species, with L. barbarum the oldest name.



© 2022 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110