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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/16/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/16/2013)
Species Solanum melongena L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. PI. 186. 1753.
Note LECTOTYPE: Herb. Linn. 248.28 (LINN; microfiche LINN 139: 11. 2).
Synonym Solanum esculentum Dun., Hist. Sol. 208. 1813.
Description Large perennial herb to 60 cm tall; twigs loosely tomentose with whitish, sessile and stalked porrect stellae, sometimes glabrescent, rarely armed. Leaves large, to 25 cm long, ovate, pinnatifid-lobed to subentire, the margin sinuate, apically acute, basally cordate, truncate or narrowed, often dimidiate, above dispersed to densely pubescent with mostly sessile, porrect stellae, beneath more densely pubescent; the petioles to 6 cm long, loosely pubescent. In- florescence a short, few-flowered, sessile or peduncled cincinnus, the first flowers functionally staminate, a few later flowers perfect; pedicels 1-2 cm long, tomentose, sometimes articulating near the base, longer and much stouter in fruit. Flowers with the calyx ca. 12 mm long, lobed about halfway, the lobes lanceolate, tomentose outside, glabrous within except at the tips, accrescent and splitting irregularly in fruit; corolla mauve, 3.5-5 cm across, lobed halfway with short teeth in the lobes; stamens free, the filaments 3-4 mm long, broader at the base, the anthers ca. 6 mm long, stout, dorsally flattened; ovary densely stellate on top, glabrescent, the style densely stellate below, less so above, the stigma of 2-4 small discoid lobes. Fruit very large, to 40 cm long, ellipsoid or ovoid with a thick rind and moist, firm pulp, purple-black (Panama), ultimately turning yellow, rose, green or brown.
Habit herb
Note This species is cultivated on a small scale in the Canal Zone and in Chiriqui. It is not known to occur in the wild in Panama. Solanum melongena is an im- portant vegetable crop of the Old World.
Common Egg plant Berengena
Common Pepino morado
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Cultivated by Chinese market gardeners near Curundu, D'Arcy & Tyson 5484 (MO, SCZ).
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