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Published In: Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis 13(1): 453. 1852. (Prodr.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: YASIN J. NASIR
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: Mostly throughout the year.
Type: Type: Described from Mexico, Crete and Spain.
Distribution: Distribution: Canary Islands, Mediterranean, Africa, Iraq, S. Iran, Syria, Turkey, Palestine, Arabia, Pakistan and India.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Common throughout in waste places up to 2300 m. The plant parts have alkaloids with sedative properties. The root is used in rheumatism and debility. The leaves are used in fevers; a concoction with roots is useful for ulcers, boils etc. The fruit is diuretic. The poisonous seeds have a mild coagulating effect on milk.

The species is variable as to the texture and the pubescence of leaves.

Illustration: Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (Illustration)
Map Location: Gilgit: B-8 Ramghat, Astor, 5500', Duthie 12309 (BM); B-7 Swat: Thana, Rech. f. 30471 (W, G); Barikot, 3000', R.R. Stewart 27465 (RAW, BM); Kalam, ± 7000', E. Nasir & M.A. Siddiqi 901 (RAW); B, C-6 Khyber Agency: Tirah, Duthie 84 (K); Kashmir: Bagh, 3500', R. R. Stewart & E. Nasir 23791 (RAW); Peshawar Dist.: Nowshera, 30.8.1891, Gammie s.n. (RAW); Peshawar, March 1907, H. Deane s.n. (K); id., Schlagintw. 2595 (K); Waziristan: C-6 Tank, Williams 7181 (K, E); Kohat Dist.: In Orchard, Hangu rd., M. A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir s.n. (RAW); Kohat, A.G. Khan 33(K); C-7 Attock Dist.: Jand, 30.11.1956, S. A. Khan s.n. (PPFI-B); Kund, Rech. f. 1942(G); D. I. Khan Dist.: C, D-6 D. I. Khan Rech. f. 30019 (W, G); Jhelum Dist.: Khana, R. R. Stewart & E. Nasir 901 (RAW); D-8 Lahore Dist.: Changa Manga, 21.12.1951, A. H. Khan s.n. (PPFI-B); id., Das 35 (E); Multan Dist.: D-7 Khanewal, A. H. Khan 854 (PPFI-B); Faisalabad Dist.: Lyallpur, 26.1.1953, A. H. Khan s.n. (PPFI-B); Sind: G-4 Karachi Dist.: Malir, M. Nath 16666 (RAW); Drigh rd., Stearn 25 (K); Karachi on sandy ground, Jafri 1449 (K); Scinde, Stocks s.n. (K); Cape Monze, Rech. f. 27529 (W,G); Baluchistan: D, E-4 Ghurni, near Harnai, Lace 3389 (E).


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A suffruticose shrub, 60-90 cm tall. Branches ascending. Shoots stellate-tomentose. Leaves 4-13 x 2-9 cm, elliptic-ovate to broadly ovate, acute, cuneate or oblique, entire to repand. Petiole 10-20 mm long. Flowers sessile to subsessile, greenish-yellow, in axillary clusters of 2-5.Calyx 2-2.5 x 2.5-3 mm, up to 2.0 x 14 mm in fruit, stellately hairy, becoming glabrescent and membranous; teeth 1-1.5 mm long, up to 8 mm in fruit, acute. Corolla lobes 2-2.5 mm long, triangular, tomentose to the outside. Anthers subincluded; filaments 1-2.5 mm long. Berry globose, 6-8 mm broad, red. Seeds sub pyriform to reniform, minutely reticulate-foveolate, yellowish-brown.
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