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Published In: Mantissa Plantarum 2: 566. 1771. (Mant. Pl.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: July-November.
Type: Type: Described from India.
Distribution: Distribution: Widespread in tropical and subtropical countries of Africa, Asia and in North Australia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Common throughout Pakistan in cultivated fields and wastelands on sandy alluvial moist soils, particularly after rains.

The young leaves and shoots are used as pot herb in India, Pakistan, tropical Africa and are sometimes dried for this purpose to be used in soup. It is commonly eaten by goats and camels. The stem yields a good fibre which is used in north Nigeria and elsewhere for fishing lines.

Photo: Corchorus tridens L. (Photo)
Map Location: B-6 Peshawar Dist.: Between Rustam and Ambala Kandao, near Surkhawai, rocky hill side, B.L. Burtt 1478 (PFI-B; E); B-7 Swat Dist.; Gabral, 27.7.68, S.A. Farooqi s.n. (KUH); Below Mingora, 1000 m, R.R. Stewart 24235 (RAW); C-7 Jhelum Dist.: About 2 miles from Chakwal on way to Jhelum, S.A. Farooqi & Mohd. Qaiser 2892 (KUH); Rawalpindi Dist.: Topi Park, c. 600 m, R.R. Stewart 21391 (RAW); Attock Dist.: Thatti, R. R. Stewart 28498 (RAW); Pindi Gheb, Rafi ul Qader 42 (RAW); D-5 Loralai Dist.: About 6 miles from Kingri on way to D.G. Khan, Mohd. Qaiser 2524 (KUH); G-4 Karachi Dist.: Karachi University Campus, near Physics Department, 26.8.67, Abrar Hussain s.n. (KUH); 21 miles from Karachi on way to Bella, Sultanul Abedin 3746 (KUH); Drigh Road, A. Rehman 25688 (RAW); Landhi, sandy alluvium, S.M.H. ,Jafri 2506 (KUH); F-4 Dadu Dist.: c. 15 miles from Jamshoro on way to Sehwan, S.A. Farooqi & Mohd. Qaiser 2171 (KUH); G-5 Thar Parker Dist.: Nagar Parker, Mohd. Qaiser & Abdul Ghafoor 3948 (KUH); About 4 miles from Mithi on way to Diplo, Mohd. Qaiser, Abdul Ghafoor & Abrar Hussain 3693 (KUH); 3 miles from Naokot on way to Diplo, Mohd. Qaiser, Abdul Ghafoor & Abrar Hussain 3665 (KUH); G-6 Rangers Post, Diplo, Mohd. Qaiser, Abdul Ghafoor & Abrar Hussain 3847 (KUH).


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An erect or suberect, 30-60 cm tall, annual herb. Stem and branches glabrous. Leaves 3-4-costate, oblong-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate or somewhat elliptic-obovate, 1.5-9 cm long, 0.6-2.2 cm broad, glabrous except the sparsely hairy veins, crenate-serrate, basal serratures prolonged into filiform spreading appendages or not, acute; petiole 5-12 mm long, hairy; stipules setaceous, 2-3 mm long. Cyme 1-3(-4)-flowered, antiphyllous, short peduncled. Flowers yellow, c. 1 cm across, subsessile; bracts subulate, 3-4 mm long. Sepals linear-oblong, 4-5 mm long, c. 2 mm broad, apiculate. Petals oblong, 3-4 mm long, c. 2 mm broad, obtuse. Stamens 10-15, filaments 4-5 mm long. Carpels 3; ovary cylindric, sulcate, 3-loculed, hairy; style small, stigma sparsely papillate. Capsules 1-3 together, erect, cylindrical, 1.5-4 cm long, c. 2 mm in diameter, not ribbed, glabrous, terminated by 3 spreading bifid tips, 3-loculed, locules aseptate. Seeds angular, obliquely truncate at both ends, black.
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