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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/13/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/13/2013)
Species Callicarpa acuminata H. B. K.
PlaceOfPublication Nov. Gen. Sp. P1., ed. folio. 2: 204. 1817.- FIG. 1 1.
Synonym Callicarpa subintegerrima H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. P1., ed. folio. 2: 204. 1817. Callicarpa bonpiandiana Schult., Mant. 3: 50. 1827. Callicarpa schlimii Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36: 217-218. 1863.
Description Shrub or tree to 10 m tall; trunk to 12 cm in diameter; branches usually stout, obtusely tetragonal, densely stellate floccose-tomentose above, more or less gla- brescent, with numerous elongated lenticels; branchlets and twigs from stout to slender, obtusely tetragonal, flattened at the nodes, usually densely floccose- tomentose with whitish or yellowish tomentum, later becoming less so. Leaves membranous, ovate-oblong or very rarely subobovate, 6.5-28.5 cm long and 2.5-
Habit Shrub or tree
Description 11.5 cm wide, entire or subentire to sharply serrate, except basally, apically acute or acuminate and often narrowed to an elongate acumen, basally acute or acu- minate, often somewhat narrowed into the petiole, dark-green above, much lighter beneath, more or less stellate-furfuraceous above, especially along the midrib and larger veins, and more or less glabrescent, densely stellate-tomentose and glandu- lar-punctate or furfuraceous-floccose beneath; petioles stout, 6-28 mm long, very densely floccose-tomentose. Inflorescences solitary, opposite, cymes chiefly in the uppermost axils, often laxly corymbose and greatly branched, usually long- pedunculate, 2.5-20 cm long and 3-17 cm wide, usually many-flowered, frequently densely so, sometimes bracteate, bracteolate; peduncles stout, 1.5-6.5 cm long, densely floccose or furfuraceous with flavescent or canescent tomentum; pedicels slender, 1-3 mm long, densely canescent-tomentose; bracts (if present) sub- foliaceous, oblong, to 3.5 cm long and 1 cm wide, stellate-tomentose; bractlets linear, often numerous, 5-10 mm long, densely canescent-tomentose; prophylls setaceous. Flowers slightly fragrant, calyx small and thin-textured, 1.1-1.5 mm long and wide, often 4-angled and 4-costate, granulose-pulverulent, truncate or subtruncate, often very slightly 4-dentate or irregularly erose; corolla white or greenish-white, infundibular, the tube 1.6-2.6 mm long, the limb 4-parted, the lobes short, ovate-lingulate, 0.8-0.9 mm long and 0.9-1 mm wide, apically bluntly obtuse, sometimes slightly crimped or bilobed; stamens 4, inserted at the base of the corolla-tube, long-exserted, the filaments 3.1-7.6 mm long, the anthers oblong; pistil absent or long-exserted, the style 4.2-7 mm long, ampliate into the stigma, the stigma depressed-capitate, ca. 0.9 mm wide; ovary depressed-globose, ca. 0.6 mm long and wide, 4-sulcate, glabrous. Fruit dark-purple or almost black, sub- globose, 3-4.5 mm long and wide, glabrous, drying wrinkled, 4-seeded, whitish- lavender to yellow or red when immature; fruiting-calyx small, shallowly patel- liform, 2-3 mm wide, glabrate, truncate and entire.
Distribution Lowland thickets, gravel bars, seacoasts, as well as forest and rainforests ranging from Mexico to Bolivia.
Note The species is quite variable in leaf-size and texture and in the density of the pubescence.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Chiriquicito to 5 mi. S along Rio Guarumo, Lewis et al. 2017 (MO, US). Coast, Columbus Island, von Wedel 31 (MO, US). Colon Island, von Wedel 71, 167, 218 (all MO). Water Valley, Chiriqui Lagoon, von Wedel 1627 (MO), 2666 (MO, US). Old Bank Island, Chiriqui Lagoon, von Wedel 1895 (MO). Snapper Creek, Chiriqui Lagoon, von Wedel 2641 (MO). Water Valley, Big Bight, Chiriqui Lagoon, von Wedel 2980 (MO). COCLE: Hills N of El Valle de Anton, 10010 m, Allen 2488 (US). Forest behind Club Cam- pestre, 700 m, Duke 13266 (MO). DARIEN: Between Quebrada Venado and Peje Swamp, headwaters of Rio Tuqueza, Bristan 1015 (MO, N, US). Rio Morti, ca. 6 mi. upstream from Morti Abajo, 100 m, Duke 10152 (MO). Rio Morti, Camp Morti Abajo, Duke 14120 (MO). Morti Hydro, 260 m, Duke 14240 (MO). Rio Tuira between Rio Punusa and Rio Mangle, Duke 14612 (MO). Around Garachine, Pittier 5520 (US). PANAMA: San Jose Island along road between Bodega Bay and Rio Mata Puerco, Duke 12515 (MO). Gravel bar, Rio Cafiasas, 100 m, Duke 14512 (MO). Open places along road near headquarters, San Jose Island, Erlanson 5 (US). Abundant in thickets, Main Camp, San Jose Island, Johnston 6 (MO). Near village, Saboga Island, Tyson 5580 (MO). SAN BLAS: Permei, Cooper 220a (US). Soskatupo Island, Duke 8515 (MO). Nakka, Dwyer 6877 (FT, MO). Soskatupu Island, Elias 1663 (MO). Mainland opposite Achituppu, Lewis et al. 115 (MO).
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