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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/13/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/13/2013)
Species Vitex parviflora A. L. Juss.
PlaceOfPublication Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 7: 76. 1806.
Synonym Vitex littoralis Decne., Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 3: 401. 1834, non V. littoralis A. Cunn., Ann. Nat. Hist., Ser. 1. 1: 461. 1838. Vitex altissima Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 1. 516. 1837, non V. altissima L. f., Suppl. P1. 293. 1781. Vitex glaberrima Zipp. ex Span., Linnaea 15: 330. 1841. Vitex timoriensis Walp., Repert. Syst. 4: 84. 1844. Vitex leucoxylon Span. ex Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2: 863. 1856, non V. leucoxylon L. f., Suppl. P1. 293- 294. 1781. Vitex cofassus var. timorensis H. Hallier, Meded. Rijks-Herb. 37: 47. 1918. Vitex glandulosa H. J. Lam, Verbenac. Malay. Archipel. 199. 1919.
Description Often much gnarled tree to 17 m tall, trunk to 90 cm d.b.h., branched from below the middle; branchlets mostly ampliate and thickened at the nodes, obtusely tetragonal, gray, lenticellate, glabrous; twigs buff or brownish, usually conspicu- ously white-lenticellate, minutely puberulent with short canescent or brownish hairs, glabrescent. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets subequal or the lateral 2 slightly
Habit tree
Description smaller, leaflets chartaceous, mostly drying uniformly grayish-green on both sur- faces, the central one oblong-elliptic or elliptic, 4-17.5 cm long and 2.2-7 cm wide, apically acuminate or caudate, varying to acute or even obtuse on smaller leaflets, entire or wavy-margined, abruptly acute or short-acuminate basally, minutely and obscurely puberulent on both surfaces or glabrous and shiny, the lateral pair similar but apically less caudate; petioles 3-7.5 cm long, sparsely and minutely pulverulent-puberulent, glabrescent; petiolules 3-19 mm long, slender, conspicuously canaliculate and minutely pulverulent or glabrate. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, paniculate-thyrsoid, erect or ascending, pinkish-gray, 10-21 cm long and 4.5-13.5 cm wide, often with 1-5 opposite pairs of paniculate branches, sometimes simple, each panicle of 4-10 or more pairs of stipitate, flowered cymes; peduncles 2-4 cm long, the rachis and inflorescence-branches slender, similar to the twigs in texture, color and puberulence or sometimes densely canescent-puberulent; pedicels mostly obsolete; foliaceous bracts often present in the larger thyrsoid inflorescence, 2-3-foliolate, long-stipitate, similar to the leaves but much smaller; bractlets and prophylls linear, 1-3 mm long or less, caducous. Flowers with the corolla blue or light-blue to purplish-blue or purple. Fruit black, ca. 8 mm wide.
Distribution Steep slopes, rocky headlands, grassy slopes, and thickets near the sea through- out the Philippine Islands and Indonesia. The species is widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical lands, introduced in Panama for its wood which was used for railroad ties.
Note In its native range the inflorescence is often partly or wholly replaced by great masses of tomentose bracts, bracteoles and galled flower-buds caused by the action of a Cecidomya insect.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Cultivated, Almirante, Farm Number 5, Changuinola District, Seibert 1535 (MO).
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