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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/10/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/10/2013)
Species Phyla betulaefolia (H.B.K.) Greene
PlaceOfPublication Pittonia 4: 48. 1899.
Synonym Lippia betulaefolia H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. P1., ed. folio. 2: 214. 1817. Cryptocalyx nepetaefolia Benth., Ann. Nat. Hist., Ser. 1. 2: 446. 1839.
Description Sprawling herbs, with procumbent, often hollow stems rooting at the nodes, and ascending branches; stems and branches tetragonal when fresh, more or less appressed-strigose or strigillose with elongate whitish trichomes. Leaves with the blades thin-chartaceous or submembranous, rhomboid-ovate or ovate, often decidedly plicate, 1.5-8 cm long and 1.5-4.7 cm wide, acute apically, cuneately attenuate into the petiole basally, coarsely serrate-dentate (except on the basal cuneate acumination) with sharply acute or subacuminate teeth, densely or spar- ingly appressed-strigose with elongate whitish trichomes on both surface's; midrib and secondaries impressed above, prominent beneath; petioles slender, 4-30 mm long, strigose like the branches or sometimes more densely villous with spreading elongate whitish trichomes. Spikes densely many-flowered, at first ovate-capitate, later elongate-oblong, to 1.5 cm long; peduncles varying from solitary in the leaf- axils to paired or in 3's, 2-6 or more per node, mostly greatly abbreviated, 1-4 mm long, shorter than the flower-spikes, and than the subtending petioles, rarely elongate to 2.8 cm; bractlets membranous, ciliate, cuneate from the dilated apex, abruptly cuspidate, the cusp slightly surpassing the corollas. Flowers numerous, tiny, closely imbricate in many ranks; calyx less than 1 mm long; corolla pale- pink or pale-purple, varying to white, ca. 1 mm long. 2n = 36.
Habit herbs
Distribution In low wet or swampy ground and open brush, woods, meadows, savannas, pastures, desiccated pools, and cleared land, from Cuba, British Honduras, and Guatemala to Brazil and Paraguay.
Common filigrana herva cidreira brava
Common malva de laguna malva rosa do campo
Common manzanilla tambu
Note In Brazil the leaves are used for making a drink.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Ditch bank, edge of forest, Margarita Swamp, S of France Field, Valentine 7068 (US). COLON: Sea level, Fato, Nombre de Dios, Pittier 4144 (US). PANAMA: Vicinity of La Jagua, wet savanna area east of Panama, Bartlett & Lasser 16371 (MICH). Panama, Nee 94 (MA).
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