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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/13/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/13/2013)
Species Clerodendrum paniculatum L.
PlaceOfPublication Mant. 1: 90. 1767.-FIG. 15.
Synonym Volkameria angulata Lour., Fl. Cochinch., ed. 1. 2: 389. 1790. Caprifolium paniculatum Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5: 9. 1790. Clerodendron diversifolium Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 75. 1791. Clerodendron pyramidale Andr., Bot. Repos. 10: pl. 628. 1810. Clerodendron splendidum Wall. in Griff., Notul. 4: 169. 1854. Cleianthus coccineus Lour. ex Gomes, Mem. Acad. Ci. Lisboa, Cl. Sci. Mor. Pot. Bel.-Let., n.s. 4(1): 28. 1868.
Description Bushy herb or erect shrub, to 3 m tall, woody at the base; branchlets stout, medullose or hollow, obtusely tetragonal, usually deeply sulcate in drying, mi- nutely pulverulent-puberulent or glabrate, the nodes with a broad band of tomen- tose hairs. Leaves opposite, gradually smaller upwards; ovate, 6-40 cni long and 7-38 cm wide, basally cordate (3-7-lobed, the uppermost often entire and basally hastate), the lobes triangular-ovate, acute or apiculate, spreading, variable in size, the margins remotely apiculate-denticulate to crenate-dentate or entire, thin- chartaceous or membranous, bright green and usually shiny above, lighter and dull beneath, pulverulent and minutely strigillose above or glabrate, densely squamulose with orbicular peltate scales and punctate beneath, glabrous between the scales or pubescent only on the venation, the central lobe mostly ovate, the others much smaller and triangular; petioles 1.2-3.5 cm long, minutely pulveru- lent-puberulent or glabrate. Inflorescences axillary cymes in the uppermost leaf- axils and terminal panicles, the cymes long-pedunculate, 9-13 cm long and 3-7 cm wide, many-flowered, panicles often large and thyrsoid, to 39 cm long and 26 cm wide, 1-4 times dichotomous, many-flowered, of 4-16 pairs of cymes, the ultimate divisions often racemiform, the branches divaricate-ascending, con- spicuously bracteate, minutely pulverulent-puberulent or glabrate throughout but often tomentose at the sympodial nodes; peduncles 1.5-12 cm long; pedicels rose- color, almost filiform, 4-15 mm long; foliaceous bracts large, a pair subtending each of the larger pairs of inflorescence-branches, ovate-elliptic, entire or ob- scurely 3-lobed, similar to the leaves; bractlets and prophylls linear, 1-10 mm long, puberulent. Flowers slightly odorous, buds red; calyx red or orange-red, 3-5 mm long, short-pubescent, divided to near the base, the segments erect and spreading, corolla orange-red to scarlet, short-hairy, the tube 1.2-1.6 cm long, the lobes of the limb 7-8 mm long, separated in the throat by white streaks, the posterior pair shorter and narrower than the others; filaments exserted 2.5-3.5 cm. Fruit greenish-blue to black.
Habit herb shrub
Distribution A spectacularly showy plant, native to southeastern Asia, Pacific islands where it inhabits evergreen jungles, open forests, thickets, open fields, railroad embank- ments, roadside hedgerows, clearings, and shrub vegetation. It is widely cul- tivated in tropical and subtropical regions and often naturalized.
Common Scarlet glorybower danger-flower
Common red pagoda-flower
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Cultivated in yard, Blum & Kimmel 2281 (MO). Barro Colorado Island, Ebinger 40 (MICH, MO, US); Tyson 4207 (MO).
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