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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/14/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/14/2013)
Species Clerodendrum philippinum Schau.
PlaceOfPublication DC., Prodr. 11: 667, as "Cleroden- dron." 1847.
Synonym Volkmannia japonica Jacq., Hort. Schoenbr. 3: 48, pl. 338. 1798, non Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunb.) Sweet. Volkameria fragrans Vent., Jard. 2: pl. 70. 1804. Agricolaea fragrans Schrank, Denkschr. Kdnigl. Akad. Wiss. Miinchen 98. 1808. Clerodendrum fragrans Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 659. 18,09. Clerodendrum fragrans Ait., Hort. Kew. 4: 63. 1812. Clerodendrum fragrans var. multiplex Sweet, Hort. Brit. 322. 1827. Clerodendron fragrans p pleniflora Schau. in DC., Prodr. 11: 666. 1847. Ovieda fragrans (Willd.) A. S. Hitchc., Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 12: 63. 1902. Viburnum deltoideum M. E. Jones, Extr. Contr. West. Bot. 18: 68. 1933. Clerodendron fragrans var. flore-pleno Hort. ex Penna, Rodriguesia 2: 315. 1936. Clerodendrum fragrans cv. 'Pleniflorum' Encke, Parays Blumergart., ed. 2. 447. 1960. Clerodendrum japonicum var. pleniflorum (Schau.) Maheshwari, Taxon 15: 43. 1966.
Description Subshrub, to 1.5 m tall, mostly reproducing vegetatively; branches, stout and angled, finely pubescent, the younger portions more slender and more densely short-pubescent. Leaves opposite, large, membranous, very fragile in drying, broadly ovate, 6-29 cm long and 5-28 cm wide, apically sharply acute, the margins coarsely and irregularly dentate, basally cordate to subtruncate, usually slightly prolonged into the petiole, lightly strigillose-pubescent on both surfaces, usually more densely so on the venation beneath, not squamulose; petioles 2-23.5 cm long, more or less densely short-pubescent, mostly collapsing basally and apically in drying. Inflorescences terminal, cymose, densely many-flowered, subsessile or short-pedunculate, 3-6 cm long and 3.5-9 cm wide, often subtended by a pair of foliaceous, long-stipitate bracts; bractlets numerous, foliaceous, scattered through- out the cymes, oblong or elliptic, 1.5-3 cm long and 3-12 mm wide, apically subulate-acuminate, basally attenuate-acute, strigillose-pubescent on both sur- faces, especially at the margins, long-stipitate. Flowers with the calyx campanu- late, 1-1.5 cm long, purple or red, with scattered circular or elliptic glandular disks at the margin, sparsely strigillose-puberulent or glabrate, 5-cleft, the lobes lanceolate, 4-10 mm long, sharply acuminate; corolla white to pink or rose-color, hypocrateriform; the stamens and pistil mostly modified into supernumerary petals. Fruit rarely developed.
Habit Subshrub
Distribution An asiatic plant widely cultivated in all subtropical and tropical regions and tending to escape rapidly. It is naturalized from the southern United States and Mexico through the West Indies and Central America to Argentina, and Chile.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Near Almirante Bay, von Wedel 15 (MO). DARIEN: Near La Palma, 0-50 m, Pittier 6694 (NY). Near Marraganti, 10-200 ft, Williams 651 (NY).
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