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Published In: Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique 5: 166. 1804. (Jan 1804) (Encycl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: Nov. Jan.
Type: Type: “Cette plante croit enAfrique, oil elle a ete observee & recueillie par Smeathman. Je I’ai decrite sur un simple rameau communique au citoyen Lamarck par le citoyen Beauvais”.
Distribution: Distribution: Tropical Africa, India and Indonesia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Sometimes cultivated in Karachi gardens for its handsome, umbellate inflorescence. The bitter leaves and their juice are used medicinally in Ghana etc.
Map Location: G-4 Karachi, P.N.S. Dilawar, cultivated, Saida s.n. 31.12.1965 (KUH).


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Shrub, climbing to suberect with slender, finely pubescent branches. Leaves oblong or ovate-elliptic, 5-20 cm long, 3-10 cm broad, entire, acute, subcordate at the base; petiole 2-8 cm long. Umbellate cymes terminal, many flowered. Flowers red or white with pinkish or reddish centre, fragrant; bracts subulate. Calyx cupular, deeply cleft into 5 lobes; lobes ovate, c. 1 cm long, whitish, acute. Corolla-tube puberulous, 5-lobed; lobes shorter than tube, acute. Drupe bluish-black, breaking into 4 pyrenes at maturity, enclosed by red calyx.
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