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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 936. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: M. QAISER & SAOOD OMER
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May-August.
Type: Type: Habitat in alpibus Lapponiae, Austriae, Helveteae, Angliae, Herb. Linn. 1052.16 (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Europe, Central Asia, Pakistan and India.
Illustration: Viola biflora L. (Illustration)
Map Location: B-7 Hazara Dist.: Shogran, near Tourist Hut, above Sandoz Farm, ± 9000 ft., M.A. Siddiqui 4445 (RAW); Shogran, near Paya Village, 9000 ft., flowers yellow 1.7.1952, S.M. Anwar Kazmi s.n. (KUH); Between Shogran and Sari Rest House, S.M.A. Kazmi 2173 (KUH); Swat: July 1961, N. A. Malik s.n. (KUH); Swat: July 1961, N.A. Malik s.n. (KUH); B-8 Gilgit Agency: Above Rama, 10000 ft., G.L. Webster & E. Nasir 6455 (RAW); Rama, ± 10000’ G.L. Webster & E. Nasir 6434 (RAW); Kashmir: C-8 Poonch, below Bedori, 9-10000’, R.R. Stewart & E. Nasir 23953 (RAW).


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Annual-perennial herb, upto 20 cm high. Stem weak but distinct and slender. Leaves broadly reniform, cordate at base, crenate, 5-7-nerved, glabrous or sporadic or scattered hairs on the margins and the veins. Petiole glabrous to pubescent, up to 15 cm long of ramal leaves, and up to 4.5 cm long of cauline leaves. Stipules 2, opposite, ovate or oblong, entire, 3-5 (-6) x 1-3 mm, acute-subacute. Flowers solitary, 0.6-1.5 cm long, yellow, on.1.6 cm long peduncle. Bracteoles 2, opposite or subopposite, setaceous, membranous, 1-3 x c. 1 mm. Sepals 0.4-0.8 x 0.1-02 cm, lanceolate, acute, entire, cuneate and pubescent at base. Petals obovate to oblong, obtuse, entire, 0.7-1.2 x 0.3-0.5 cm; lateral petal slightly larger and beardless, 1.0-1.3 x 0.4-0.6 cm, striped with brown coloured streaks; spur short, 0.2-0.3 cm long, straight, obtuse. Ovary ovate, glabrous, c. 1.0 x 1.0 mm; style bibbed at the summit, 1.5 mm long. Capsule ovoid to oblong, 4-7.0 mm long, glabrous.
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