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!Timmia austriaca Hedw. Search in The Plant ListSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 176. 1801. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/19/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Illustrations: Timmia austriaca Hedw. (Figs. 1–6.)
Map: Timmia austriaca Hedw. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)


Habitat: on forest ground, thin soil over rocks, or on wet calcareous rocks; alt. 2750 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, South Asia, Russia, Europe, and North America.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Shanxi: Mt. Guancen, C. Gao 20906 (IFSBH). Sichuan: Yan-yuan Co., Handel-Mazzetti 2763 (H). Xinjiang: Zhao-su Co., J.-C. Zhao 1245, 4188 (both in HBNU). Xizang: Lin-zhi Co., Z.-X. Tan 9(1), 900 (both in IFSBH).


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1. Timmia austriacaHedw.   南方美姿藓   nan fang mei zi xian
Sp. Musc. Frond. 176. 1801. Mnium austriacum (Hedw.) Spreng., Anleit. Kenntn. Gew. 3: 372. 1804. Type: Austria. Froelich s.n.
Plants rather large, bright green or yellowish green, in dense tufts. Stems erect, 5–12 cm high, usually simple, with dense rhizoids at base. Leaves stiff, strongly crisped when dry, erect-spreading or slightly squarrose when moist, narrowly ovate- or linear-lanceolate, sheathing at base; margins sharply serrate; costae percurrent or ending just a few cells below leaf apex, more or less dentate at back; upper leaf cells small, irregularly hexagonal, papillose ventrally, smooth on the dorsal surface; basal cells irregularly rectangular, orange, not hyaline, with large papillae. Dioicous. Setae 20–40 mm long; capsules ellipsoidal or cylindrical, pendulous; opercula conic-rostrate, ca. 3–4 mm long. Calyptrae cucullate, smooth. Spores yellowish, 13–16 µm in diameter, roughened.
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