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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum, Supplementum Primum 2: 103–104, pl. 71 [top]. 1816. (Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 2/22/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 2/22/2011)
Discussion:

Bryum coronatum is recognized by its short, broad, wrinkled capsule necks, leaves that are weakly elimbate, have strongly excurrent costae, and thin, lax upper leaf cells. Bryum dichotomum has a similar type of capsule and weakly limbate leaves, but that species is smaller and differs in having elongate, firm to thick‑walled upper leaf cells and quadrate, more thick‑walled basal leaf cells.

Ochi (1980) apparently chose the Richards specimen as the lectotype of this species because it is the specimen Schwaegrichen illustrated.

Illustrations: Schwaegrichen (1816, Pl. 71); Bartram (1949, Fig. 77 A–F); Breen (1963, Pl. 61 1–6); Florschütz (1964, Fig. 72); Ochi (1959, Fig. 31 A–M); Ochi (1967, Fig. 27 F–J); Ochi (1972, Fig. 34 a‑f); Gangulee (1974, Fig. 486); Crum and Anderson (1981, Fig. 264 A–H); Noguchi (1988, Fig. 212 a–i); Sharp et al. (1994, Fig. 346 a–d); Churchill and Linares (1995, Fig. 25 a–d). Figure 141 E–G.
Habitat: On coral, rocks and boulders (limestone), soil, burned wood, and logs; sea level–1980 m.
Distribution in Central America: BELIZE. Belize: Worthington 23946 (NY);  Cayo: Allen 18130 (BRH, MO); Toledo: Gentle 4253 (MO, NY). GUATEMALA. Jutiapa: Standley 76102 (F); Huehuetenango: Steyermark 49662 (F, NY). EL SALVADOR. Santa Ana: Standley & Padilla 3158 (F). HONDURAS. Atlántida: Standley 54106 (F); Francisco Morazán: Standley 26130 (F, MO).  COSTA RICA. Guanacaste: Lankester (F); Puntarenas [Isla San Lucas]: Alfaro 30 (NY). PANAMA. Canal Area: Willis 17 (F, MO, PMA); Chiriquí: Cornman 3015 (F, MO, PMA); Colón: Crosby 10345 (MO, PMA); Darién: Allen 8837 (MO, PMA); Panamá: Allen 9043 (MO, PMA); Perlas Archipelago: Johnston (NY); Taboga Island: Howe (NY).
World Range: Southeastern U.S.A.; Mexico; Central America; Caribbean, Western, Northern, and Southern South America; Subantarctic Islands; China, Eastern Asia; West, Northeast, West‑Central, East, and South Tropical Africa, Western Indian Ocean; Indian Subcontinent, Indo‑China, Malesia, North Indian Ocean; Australia, New Zealand; Northwestern and Southwestern Pacific.

 

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Bryum coronatum Schwaegr., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1(2): 103. 1816.

Protologue: French Guiana and Jamaica. In Guiana legit cl. Richard [lectotype Ochi, 1980], in Jamaica Swartz.

Bryum microbalanum Card., Rev. Bryol. 36: 112. 1909. Protologue: Mexico. Etat de Morelos: près de Cuernavaca, 1908 [Pringle] n. 10662 (MO, US). District fédéral: Cima, en compagnie de B. argenteum L., 1908 [Pringle] n. 15274 in parte

Plants small, green to yellow‑brown in loose tufts to 2 cm high; rhizoids moderately developed at base. Leaves 1–3 mm long, spreading and somewhat contorted when dry, erect‑spreading when wet, ovate‑ to oblong‑lanceolate; apices acuminate; margins recurved below, indistinctly bordered, entire to subentire; costae long‑excurrent; upper cells rhomboidal, thin‑walled, to 60 μm long, basal cells short‑rectangular, thin‑walled. Dioicous. Setae 10–25 mm long, red. Capsules 0.5–2.5 mm long, dark‑red, pendent, oblong‑cylindrical, neck short and somewhat broader than the urn, rounded and shriveled when dry; annuli compound and revoluble; opercula 0.5 mm long, conic apiculate; exostome teeth brown to yellow‑brown, densely papillose, endostome yellowish hyaline, lightly papillose, basal membrane to ½ of exostome teeth length, segments well-developed, broadly perforate, cilia 2–4, appendiculate. Spores 8–10 μm, lightly roughened. Calyptra not seen.

 

 

 
 
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