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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 373. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of about 80 species, distributed in warm temperate regions of both hemispheres; represented in Pakistan by 6 species including the 3 cultivated ones.


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Perennial herbs, shrubs or trees. Leaves imparipinnate; stipules minute or absent. Inflorescence a many flowered terminal racemes or panicle. Bracts linear, minute or absent. Calyx campanulate, teeth five, unequal, shortly triangular. Corolla cream or yellow, vexillum somewhat longer than the wings and keel. Stamens free or connate at the base. Ovary shortly stipitate, ovules many, style incurved, stigma terminal. Fruit a moniliform lomentum.

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1 Keel mucronate (2)
+ Keel not mucronate (3)
2 (1) Branches and leaves densely pilose Sophora alopecuroides var. tomentosa
+ Branches and leaves sparingly pilose Sophora alopecuroides L. var. alopecuroides
3 (1) Lateral branches and leaves not ending in spines (4)
+ Lateral branches and leaves ending in spines Sophora moorcroftiana
4 (3) Young branches and leaflets not silky, glabrous or sparingly pilose (5)
+ Young branches and leaflets silky Sophora mollis subsp. griffithii
5 (4) Fruit winged
+ Fruit without wing (6)
6 (5) Leaflets not coriaceous or leathery (7)
+ Leaflets coriaceous, leathery Sophora secundiflora
7 (6) Leaflets elliptical, obovate, truncate-obtuse (8)
+ Leaflets ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acute Sophora japonica
8 (7) Leaflets c. 1.6 cm long, c. 9 mm broad
+ Leaflets c. 2.5-3.7 cm long, c. 1.5 cm broad Sophora occidentalis
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