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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/15/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/15/2013)
Genus Spachea Juss.
PlaceOfPublication Icon. Sel. P1. 3: 19. 1837.
Note TYPE: Spachea elegans (G. F. W. Meyer) Juss.
Description Trees or shrubs. Leaves opposite, coriaceous, subcoriaceous, or membrana- ceous, glandular at the base; stipules connate, intra-axillary. Inflorescences ter- minal, spiciform in elongated panicles with short branches or solitary in pseu- doracemes; bracts small, eglandular; bracteoles with a dorsal gland, a stalked axillary gland or eglandular. Flowers with the calyx 8-10 glandular; sepals ovate or elliptic, glabrous or puberulous; petals pink or reddish, clawed, glabrous, the limb suborbicular, obovate or elliptic; claw broadening toward the base; stamens 10, the filaments flattened, short and briefly united at the base, pubescent at the base, otherwise glabrous, the anthers ovoid or oblong, glabrous, the connective not thickened; ovary 3- or 2-carpellate, 3- or 2-locular, 3- or 2-lobate, 3- or 2-ovulate; styles 1 per locule, flexuous, with the apex somewhat thickened and truncate. Fruit a coriaceous schizocarp of 2 or 3 separable, ellipsoid cocci, each coccus 1-seeded, hard, smooth; cotyledons thick, semiellipsoid.
Habit Trees or shrubs
Distribution Spachea is a genus of about 10 species, chiefly South American, but with a few species in the West Indies and in southern Central America.
Key a. Peduncles biflorous with pedicellate axillary bracteole glands; leaves often to 8.5 cm wide, coriaceous, broadly elliptic to elliptic, round at base ...... 1. S. correae aa. Peduncles uniflorous, with or without axillary bracteole glands; leaves usually less than 8.5 cm wide, usually thin, various in shape but usually not elliptic, usually acute to attenuate at base. b. Peduncles bearing stalked glands associated with the bracteoles, the pedicels rela- tively short, the rachis and peduncles ferruginous-pubescent; leaves chartaceous or subcoriaceous, acute to attenuate at the base; occurring in tropical wet or premontane wet forest at elevations up to 700 m ...... 2. S. elegans bb. Peduncles without glands, the pedicels long, slender, the rachis moderately or scarce- ly pubescent; leaves membranaceous, rounded at base; occurring in tropical moist forest at low elevations ...... 3. S. membranacea
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