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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/16/2012)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 11/16/2012)
Genus ENTADA Adans.
PlaceOfPublication Fam. P1. 2:3 18. 1763
Synonym Gigalobium P. Br. Nat. Hist. Jamaica, 362. 1756. Periina Raf. Sylva Tellur. 118. 1838. Strepsilobus Raf. loc. cit. 117. 1838. Adenoqpodia Presl, Epim. Bot. 206. 1850, fide Hook. Jour. Bot. 4:286. 1852. Pusaetha [L. 1747] Ktze. Rev. Gen. P1. 1:204. 1891. Entadoutsis Britt., in N. Am. Fl. 23:191. 1928. Pseudoentada Britt. & Rose, loc. cit. 1928.
Description Woody vines or climbing shrubs or trees, usually very large, unarmed (in Panama) or aculeate, sometimes cirrhiferous. Leaves large, bipinnate, the pinnae few pairs (in Panama) or less frequently several to many, opposite, the leaflets few to many pairs; petiole and usually the rachis eglandular, the rachis sometimes terminating in a bifurcate tendril; leaflets large or small; stipules small. Inflores- cence of usually elongate spikes, these solitary and borne from foliate branches or clustered terminally in a large raceme; floral bracts minute. Flowers small, usually briefly stipitate, 5-parted, valvate, variously colored, often with a disagreeable odor; calyx small, synsepalous, broadly and shallowly cupulate; corolla of 5 free or slightly coherent petals; stamens 10, free, briefly exserted; anthers tipped with a (caducous) gland; ovary several- to many-ovulate; style slender; stigma terminal, truncate. Legume often very large (Panamanian species), flat, straight or curved, the valves in time breaking into segments, the margins continuous and persistent.
Habit vines shrubs
Habit trees
Note At least one species pantropical; others chiefly African and tropical American. A comparatively small genus of less than 20 species, many of which are dis- similar to the others and a cause for past generic segregation. It seems scarcely advisable, however, to accept division of Enttada into several smaller genera based on these differing species, for such a procedure, if followed generally here and in the MIMOSOIDEAE as a whole, could continue ad infinituin until practically no genus" could be readily located. The Panamanian species of Entada suggest, at least superficially, giant liana-type Mimosas, but can be readily distinguished by the long spikes of flowers which are not found in any of the Panamanian species of Mimosa. The leaves are sometimes reported sensitive, folding following dis- turbance, such as is the case with a number of Mimosa species. Two species of Entada are known to occur in Panama, both distinctive vines of lowland areas.
Key a. Inflorescence a supra-axillary spike; leaves often cirrhiferous; legume very large, the seed 3-5 cm. in diameter .................................................... 1. E. GIGAS aa. Inflorescence a terminal raceme of spikes; leaves seldom with tendrils; legume smaller, the seeds only about 1 cm. long ........................................ 2. E. POLYSTACHYA
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