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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/22/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 3/22/2013)
Genus Spondias L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 371, 1753
Reference Gen. P1. ed. 5, 174, 1754.
Synonym Warmingia Engler in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(2): 281, 1874.
Description Shrubs to large trees. Leaves odd-pinnate, often crowded toward the branch apex, deciduous, the leaflets alternate or opposite, membranous or subcoriaceous, petiolulate or rarely subsessile. Inflorescences paniculate to racemose or subcapitate, terminal or lateral, large or small. Flowers small, hermaphriditic or less often male or female, pedicellate or sessile; calyx-segment (4)5, small, deciduous, slightly imbricate; petals (4)5, erect to spreading or reflexed, subvalvate in bud; disc intrastaminal, cupular, crenate; stamens (4-)8-10, inserted below the disc; ovary 3-5-locular, the styles 3-5, connivent above but free (rarely united by their stigmas), a distinct stigmatic region apparent or not, the ovules solitary in each locule, apical. Fruit a fleshy drupe, 1-5-locular; seeds with a membranous testa.
Habit Shrubs to large trees
Distribution A genus of about eight species, the majority of Asian distribution; two species occur in Central America including Panama.
Key a. Shrub or small tree; lamina of leaflets usually less than 6 cm in length; inflorescences lateral on older (leafless) branches, racemose-panicuate to sub- capitate, 0.5-8 cm long; petals erect or ascending strictly, red; styles (3)4, each constricted strongly at the junction with its capitate stigma; mature fruits red or purple -1. S. purpurea aa. Small to large tree; lamina of leaflets usually 6 cm or more in length; inflorescences terminal on leafy branches of the season, paniculate, 15-40 cm long; petals spreading or reflexed, white or yellow; styles 5, not appreciably constricted at the beginning of the stigmatic portion; mature fruits yellow -...... ......... . .2. S. mombin
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