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Published In: Catalogus Plantarum Horti Gottingensis 85–87. 1757. (Apr-May 1757) (Cat. Pl. Hort. Gott.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: J. RENZ
General/Distribution: About 30, mainly Eurasiatic species. Also in mediterranean and eastern Africa, in Central and North America. 4 species are found in Pakistan.


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Plants autotrophic, with rhizome and clustered roots. Stem leafy. Leaves sessile, flat or plicate, ovate to lanceolate. Inflorescence a loosely or densely many-flowered raceme. Flowers ± nodding. Sepals and petals spreading or ± campanulate. Labellum spurless, divided by deep constriction into apical cordate-ligulate epichile and basal, saccate hypochile. Column short; anther dorsal, erect or ± incumbent; pollinia 2, mealy, without caudicle; rostellum present or obsolete, with or without distinct viscidium; stigma subquadrate. Ovary with ± twisted pedicel. Ripe seed-capsule enlarged, pendent.

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1 Rhizome abbreviated, without stolons (2)
+ Rhizome elongated, creeping, with stolons 1 Epipactis gigantea
2 (1) Flowers rather small, 10-20 mm in diameter Hypochile globose-saccate, ± 4 mm long (3)
+ Flowers large, 20-40 mm in diameter. Hypochile narrowly boat-shaped, up to 10-12 mm long 2 Epipactis veratrifolia
3 (2) Stem with (3-)5-9 leaves in close succession. Rostellum with globose viscid gland. Allogamous 3 Epipactis helleborine
+ Stem with 3-4 leaves, mainly arranged in mid section. Rostellum nearly obsolete, viscid gland lasting only a short time. Autogamous 4 Epipactis persica
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