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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/24/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 7/24/2013)
Genus Pernettya Gaud.
PlaceOfPublication Voy. Freycinet Bot. 454. tab. 67. 1826 [1829]. nom. conserv.
Note TYPE: P. empetrifolia (Lam.) Gaud. = P. pumila (L.f.) Hook.
Synonym Pernettia Gaud., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) ser. I. 5: 102. 1825. TYPE: P. empetrifolia (Lam.) Gaud.
Description Straggly to densely bushy shrubs with depressed, sprawling to erect stems. Leaves alternate, persistent, coriaceous or membranaceous, denticulate or serru- late, short petiolate. Inflorescence with flowers usually solitary in the axils of the upper leaves or rarely in axillary racemes; pedicels bracteate, nodding, bibracteolate, indistinctly articulated just beneath the calyx. Flowers with the calyx persistent with a short tube and 5 lanceolate to elliptic, acute lobes; corolla tube urceolate, cylindric to ovoid or subglobose, white or white tinged with pink or rose, the lobes 5, less than 1/1o as long as the corolla tube, reflexed; stamens 10, included well within the corolla, the filaments slightly dilated below, glabrous, the anthers mostly oblong or oval, dehiscing apically by terminal pores, 2 slender awns terminating each anther sac; stigma punctate, the style slender, cylindric, persistent, the ovary superior, 5-loculate, usually subspheroid. Berry subglobose to globose, somewhat fleshy and even succulent; seeds numerous, small, angular, compressed.
Habit shrubs
Note This is a montane genus of perhaps 15 species.
Distribution ranges from Central Mexico south throughout Central America and western South America to southern Argentina and Chile. It also occurs in New Zealand and Tasmania.
Reference Camp, W. H. 1939. Studies in the Ericales. IV. Notes on Chimaphila, Gaul- theria and Pernettya in Mexico and Adjacent Regions. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 66: 7-28. Sleumer, Hermann. 1935. Revision der Gattung Pernettya Gaud. Notizbl. Bot. Gard. Berlin-Dahlem, 12: 626-655.
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