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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/13/2012)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 11/13/2012)
PlaceOfPublication Suppl. 21. 1781.
Synonym Stereoxylon Ruiz & Pav. Fl. Peruv. et Chil. Prodr. 38, t. 6. 1794.
Description Small trees or shrubs, evergreen, rarely deciduous. Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, lanceolate, oblong-elliptic or lance-obovate, mostly leathery and glandular- serrate. Inflorescence racemose or paniculate, few- to many-flowered, or flowers borne singly; hypanthium nearly globose or turbinate, completely or partially united to ovary, calyx-lobes 5, ovate, subulate at apex; petals 5, imbricate in bud, linear-spathulate, with long, erect claws which appear to be coherent and to form a tubular corolla, bearing at their apices spreading blades; stamens 5, inserted on margin of hypanthium, erect; filaments filiform, anthers oblong-ovoid; ovary with 2-3 complete or incomplete chambers, with 4-6 placentae which hang from an apical, central axis and bear numerous ovules; style mostly simple, rarely 2-parted at apex, with capitate or lobed stigma; capsule with 2-3 chambers, septicidally de- hiscent from the base into 2 or 3 valves which hang together by the bundles of the hypanthium and the partitions, after the partial or complete shedding of the epi- carp (hypanthial wall and style); seeds many, usually small, often curved, with longitudinal grooves in the covering, fimbriate at base.
Habit trees shrubs
Distribution A large genus, mostly of the Andes and southern Brazil in South America, with two species in the mountains of Central America. One species in Panama.
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