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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 584. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
General/Distribution: A genus of about 100 species in north temperate regions mainly Europe and Asia. Very closely related to Eremostachys (q.v.).


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Perennial often suffruticose herbs or shrubs, with at least some branched to stellate-dendroid hairs. Stems sturdy, erect. Leaves undivided, entire or crenate-serrulate, petiolate, with a ± prominent indumentum. Vertiicillasters many-flowered in axils of upper leaves, distant or approximating. Bracts prominent, numerous, narrow oblong to subulate. Flowers rose, purple or violet, usually large, showy. Calyx tubular, ± thick-textured, 5-10-nerved, not bilabiate, truncate, teeth equal or unequal, often spiny. Corolla bilabiate; tube annulate or not, included within calyx; upper lip falcate, internally densely bearded; lower lip spreading or ± reflexed, 3-lobed. Stamens 4, included, anterior pair longer than posterior; thecae 2-locular. Style unequally 2-lobed. Nutlets 4 trigonous, truncate, glabrous at apex or bearded.

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1 Leaves ovate to broadly ovate, ± clearly cordate; upper leaf lamina with simple or very irregularly rayed branched hairs (2)
+ Leaves elliptic, oblong to oblong lanceolate, cuneate to sub-cordate; upper leaf lamina with stellate-dendroid hairs with ± regular rays (3)
2 (1) Bracts linear, acuminate to spinulose, ± adpressed to calyx; lower leaf surface with a sparse indumentum; stems 20-80 (-100) cm 4 Phlomis bracteosa
+ Bracts subulate, ± pungent, somewhat spreading from calyx; lower leaf surface canescent-tomentose; stems 1-2 m 3 Phlomis spectabilis
3 (1) Shrub; stem indumentum thick and persistent 1 Phlomis stewartii
+ Herbaceous perennial; stem indumentum ± sparse, readily rubbed off 2 Phlomis cashmeriana
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