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Published In: Fundamenta Agrostographiae 187. 1820. (Fund. Agrost.) Name publication detail


Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A genus of 24 species in tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World, principally in Asia and Australasia, but 1 species in tropical America; 3 species occur in Pakistan.


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Perennials, mostly tufted. Leaf-blades linear, often harsh and glaucous; ligule a short membrane or a line of hairs. Inflorescence a terminal panicle with whorls of slender persistent branches bearing terminal racemes; each raceme reduced to a triad of 1 sessile and 2 pedicelled spikelets with linear pedicels (rarely additional pairs of spikelets present), commonly the sessile spikelet pallid or yellowish with fulvous callus beard, and the pedicelled spikelets purple. Sessile spikelets ± laterally compressed; callus oblique, obtuse to pungent; lower glume cartilaginous, rounded on the back, sometimes spinulose on the margins; upper glume often awned; lower floret reduced to a hyaline lemma; upper lemma hyaline, bidentate or entire, with a glabrous or pubescent awn; palea hyaline, small or suppressed; caryopsis narrowly ellipsoid. Pedicelled spikelet male or barren, narrowly lanceolate, awned or awnless.

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1 Pedicels fulvously villous, shorter than half the length of the sessile spikelet (2)
+ Pedicels glabrous, half the length of the sessile spikelet or longer Chrysopogon gryllus subsp. echinulatus
2 (1) Leaves puberulous Chrysopogon aucheri
+ Leaves glabrous or sometimes with tubercle-based hairs, not puberulous Chrysopogon serrulatus
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