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Clerodendrum L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 637. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library


Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/27/2010)
Acceptance : Accepted
Taxon Profile     (Last Modified On 3/15/2024)
Family or Genus Distribution: not endemic to the Malagasy Region
Generic Species Diversity and Endemism Status: has not yet been evaluated
No. of species in Fl. Madagasc.: 61 (57 endemic, 3 indigenous non-endemic, 1 naturalised)
Accepted Published Species: 57 (56 endemic, 1 indigenous non-endemic)
Estimated Unpublished Species: 6 endemic
Estimated Total Species: 51 (50 endemic, 1 indigenous non-endemic)
Additional Taxonomic Work: in progress
Species Level Data Entry: not yet complete

In his Fl. Madagasc. treatment Moldenke (1956) enumerated 72 species. However 2 spp (C. kaempferi (Jacq.) Siebold. and C. nutans Wall. ex D. Don) were stated to have probably been reported from Madagascar in error,  5 spp (C. buchanani Roxb. ex Wall. [var. fallax (Lindl.) Baker], C. heterophyllum Poir., C. myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke, C. speciosissimum Morren, C. thomsonsae Balf.) were believed by Moldenke to have been recorded only from cultivated material, 4 spp were anticipated to likely have been introduced and likely to have become naturalized, but for which no herbarium specimens were known (C. calamitosum, C. inerme (L.) Gaertn., C. serratum (L.) Moon and C. villosum Blume) and one sp was stated to have been introduced and possibly naturalized (C. indicum (L.) Kuntze). Although this and other species are found in cultivation as ornamentals, we do not believe that C. indicum is naturalized in Madagascar. Therefore only 60 of the 72 enumerated spp were regarded by Moldenke as native to Madagascar

Since the Fl. Madagasc. treatment 3 spp of Clerodendrum have been transfered into Rotheca, 2 into Vitex and 1 into Boutonia (Acanthaceae). Following current generic circumscription, 13 spp require transfer to Volkameria, currently only 1 of these has an available name combination in that genus, and an article providing the other needed name combinations is currently in preparation. The genus is currently under revision for Madagascar by P. Phillipson (MO), M. Callmander (G) and J. Wearn (K).

Studies on generic circumscription, phylogeny and revised infrageneric classification continue (see Satthaphorn et al. 2023). This includes the establishment of subgen. Afroclerodendrum Satthaphorn for the African and Malagasy species (v. subgen. Clerodendrum for Asian and Australian species). This includes a group of exceptionally large-flowered species, present in both Africa and Madagascar, that has been newly delimited as as sect. Megaflora Satthaphorn, the type of which is the Malagasy Clerodendrum aucubifolium Hemsl.

Evaluated by: P.B. Phillipson (2017)
Compiled or updated by: P.B. Phillipson (2017)


Lower Taxa


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