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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 494. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: Sven Landrein , Renata Borosova and Joanna Osborne
Contributor Institution: The Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, U.K.
General/Distribution: A genus of about 10 species: mainly north temperate and subtropical, with one species in South America. Represented in Pakistan by one wild and one cultivated species.


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Perennial herbs, often stoloniferous. Leaves mostly radical, alternate, petiolate, stipulate. Lamina 3-foliolate or occasionally pinnately 5-foliolate. Inflorescence erect, terminal, cymose, few flowered, rarely solitary. Flowers bisexual (or sometimes unisexual on polygamo-dioecious plants). Hypanthium obconic, flattened to slightly concave. Epicalyx 5-lobed, alternating with and smaller than sepals. Sepals 5, valvate, persistent. Petals 5, white, rarely yellow. Stamens numerous. Carpels numerous, free, borne on a convex receptacle, ovule epitropous. Fruit a glandetum formed from enlarged, fleshy receptacle. Achenes numerous, brownish, seated in pits on surface of glandetum.
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