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Published In: United States Exploring Expedition 1(15?): 729. 1854. (U.S. Expl. Exped., Phan.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/8/2020)
Acceptance : Accepted
Taxon Profile     (Last Modified On 7/20/2020)
: Hermaphroditic or andromonoecious, unarmed, glabrous, terrestrial (rarely epiphytic), evergreen trees. Stems monocaulous to well branched, pachycaulous. Leaves alternate, petiolate, the bases clasping with short or long, connate, ligulate stipules; blades palmately compound (rarely bundle compound); leaflets ovate to elliptic or oblong, or oblanceolate to obovate or obtriangular, sometimes narrowly so (typically heteroblastic, the juvenile foliage often strikingly different); chartaceous or papyraceous to subcoriaceous, coriaceous, strongly coriaceous, or somewhat succulent; entire (rarely toothed), sessile or petiolulate. Inflorescences terminal or pseudolateral, erect or pendant, umbellate, paniculate-umbellate or compound-umbellate, the ultimate units umbellules; pedicels slender to stout, unarticulated. Calyx forming a low rim or with small lobes; petals (4 or)5(–8), valvate, free; stamens isomerous with petals or up to c. 500 in 1 to several series, thecae 2 or 4 per anther; carpels (2 or)3–19; ovary inferior, styles free to fully united, or stigmas sessile; the disc depressed or flat to conical or nearly hemispherical. Fruits drupaceous; glabrous; cylindrical or obconical to obloid, globose, ellipsoid, ovoid, obovoid, or obloid-hemispherical; terete to slightly compressed laterally or weakly triangular when fresh (ribbed when dry); the endocarps crustaceous to boney. Endosperm uniform or ruminate. 2n = 48.
Distribution: Melanesia (Fiji, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu), in humid, seasonal, and dry forests and primary scrubland (maquis). Commonly cultivated as ornamentals (especially P. elegantissima and P. veitchii).


Lower Taxa
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