Home Catalogue of the Plants of Madagascar
The flora: higher plant groups
Plant Themes
All Names
Fern Index
Red List
Specimen Full Search
Specimens with Vernacular names
Geographic Search
Collector Search
Search Builder
Project Query builder
(Login required)
Photo Gallery
Specimens Scans
All Image Galleries
Liesner field guide
Liesner Field guide pdf
The Plant List
JSTOR Plants
Île Rouge Wiki
New taxa
APG links
Generic Tree Key
Web Sites
Glossary Fr/Eng
Bull. Soc. Bot
Flore de Madagascar
Notes Pteridologiques
General Literature
Protected Areas
Ethnic groups
Kew Vegetation Atlas
List of PAs
Jardins Botaniques
Nat. Parks
MBG Gazetteer
M'car PA's
!Coffea L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 172. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/13/2017)
Acceptance : Accepted
Taxon Profile     (Last Modified On 1/13/2022)
Family or Genus Distribution: not endemic to the Malagasy Region
Generic Species Diversity and Endemism Status: based on existing literature
No. of species in Fl. Madagasc.: not published
Accepted Published Species: 67 endemic
Estimated Unpublished Species: none
Estimated Total Species: 67 endemic
Species Level Data Entry: complete

Anonymous: In addition to the native species, the cultivated coffees are widely grown in Madagascar, both "Arabica" C. arabica L. and "Robusta" C. canephora Pierre ex A.Froehner and, according to Perrier de la Bâthie H (Les plantes introduites à Madagascar. Rev. Bot. Appl. et Agric. Trop. 11-12: 719-729, 833-837, 920-932, 990-999, 48-52, 128-133, 213-220, 296-301, 372-383, 462-468, 530-543) the less important C. congensis A. Froehner and C. liberica W. Bull ex Hiern.

C.M. Taylor, Nov 2013: This genus is characterized by its woody habit; leaves that often have domatia; interpetiolar or shortly sheathing, triangular, generally awned and persistent stipules; axillary, several-flowered, fasiculate to shortly cymose and subsessile inflorescences with the bracts usually fused in pairs; mostly four to five-merous, bisexual flowers; reduced to shortly developed truncate to lobed calyx limb; usually somewhat small, white, salverform corollas that are not densely bearded in the throat, and have the lobes contorted in bud; anthers withoutan apical appendage; two exserted linear stigmas; and fleshy, subglobose, drupaceous fruits that become red when mature and have 2 generally planoconvex, adaxially sulcate pyrenes with a rather thin wall. The a pair of opposite bracts or bracteoles that is fused creates the cupular structure called a calyculus, or sometimes a cupule (e.g, FTEA); calyculi are characteristic of Coffea and Tricalysia.

Davis et al. (2006) surveyed Coffea and found its largest center of species diversity is in Madagascar, with 61 endemic species here. They separated two subgenera: Coffea subg. Coffea is found throughout the range of the genus and comprises the majority of the species, while Coffea subg. Baracoffea is found only in dry western Madagascar (Mahajunga, Toliara) and comprises nine species. Coffea subg. Baracoffea was studied with molecular systematic data by Maurin et al. (2007), who found the species studied to form a monophyletic group nested within Coffea, and was studied taxonomically by Davis & Rakotonasolo (2008). This group was formally recognized as a subgenus by Davis et al. (2006), but was subsequently called the "Baracoffea alliance" in the formal taxonomy of Davis & Rakotonasolo (2008), who listed the formally published name Coffea subg. Baracoffea under this alliance designation but elsewhere in this article referred to this group as a subgenus. The nine species they included in this subgenus are Coffea ambongensis, Coffea bissetiae, Coffea boinensis, Coffea decaryana, Coffea grevi, Coffea humbertii, Coffea labatii, Coffea namorokensis, and Coffea pterocarpa.

Compiled or updated by: Updated by C.M. Taylor, Nov. 2013; M. Callmander, 2021



Lower Taxa


© 2023 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110