Home Araliaceae Central:
A Global Catalogue of Genera and Species
All Images
Search Builder (not yet operational)
How to Use Araliaceae Central
Polyscias J.R. Forst. & G. Forst. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Characteres Generum Plantarum [second edition] 63, pl. 32. 1776. (Char. Gen. Pl. (ed. 2)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/8/2020)
Acceptance : Accepted
Taxon Profile     (Last Modified On 9/5/2021)
Description: Hermaphroditic, andromonoecious, or dioecious, unarmed (rarely armed), glabrous or pubescent to stellate-pubescent, terrestrial (occasionally epiphytic), evergreen (rarely deciduous) small to large trees or shrubs (rarely lianas). Stems monocaulous to well branched, pachycaulous. Leaves alternate, petiolate, the bases clasping and/or alate or neither clasping nor alate, exstipulate or with rim-like or rudimentary stipules; blades 1(–3)-pinnately compound or unifoliolate; leaflets linear or oblong to (ob-)lanceolate, to (ob-)ovate or elliptical, membranaceous or chartaceous to coriaceous (sometimes somewhat succulent), the margins entire to crenate or variously toothed or lobed; sessile or petiolulate. Inflorescences usually terminal or pseudolateral (sometimes both terminal and truly lateral), erect or pendant, paniculate, simple or compound umbellate, racemose, or verticillate, the ultimate units umbellules, capitula, racemules, spicules, or solitary; bracts absent or present (sometimes opposite), often foliaceous (and compound) below, becoming progressively reduced above; pedicels long and slender to thick and stout, articulated or unarticulated. Calyx rim entire, undulate, lobed, or minutely 4–9 toothed; petals 4–12(–20), valvate, free or less commonly calyptrate or connate in groups of 2–4(–5); stamens 4–12(–93), isomerous or 2–several times the number of petals, in 1–several whorls; carpels (1 or)2–16(–24), ovaries inferior (rarely half-inferior or superior), styles present and free or basally connate (with the free distal arms spreading to reflexed) to entirely connate into a (sometimes hollow) stylopdium, or styles absent and stigmas sessile (either capitate or forming a conical stylpodium); the disc depressed to flattened, conical, or nearly hemispherical and sometimes fleshy. Fruits drupes, glabrous to puberulent, densely pubescent, stellate-furfuraceous, or stellate-farinose, obloid to globose, globose-urceolate, cylindrical, ellipsoid, ovoid, or spherical (often asymmetric when unicarpellate), terete to angular or laterally compressed; endocarp chartaceous to cartilaginous, crustaceous or boney. Endosperm uniform to rugose or ruminate. 2n = 24, 48.
Distribution: Paleotropical to subtropical, Oceania, SE Asia, Indian Ocean basin (esp. Madagascar), and Africa, in humid forests, seasonal forests, dry to semi-arid habitats, tropical montane forests. Ornamentals and living hedges, folk medicines, and timber trees for light construction.
Notes: Polyscias is a genus of 161 currently recognized species and nearly 100 new species awaiting description.


Lower Taxa

© 2022 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110