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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/22/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 3/22/2013)
Genus Mauria Kunth
PlaceOfPublication Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 1, 2: 338, 1824.
Description Shrubs to small trees. Leaves odd-pinnate to simple, the leaflets petiolulate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary panicles, often large. Flowers hermaphriditic or less fre- quently polygamo-dioecious, short-pedicellate or sessile; calyx short-cupulate, dis- tally with 4-5 shallow, broad teeth; petals 4-5, valvate or subvalvate; stamens 8-10, the filaments subulate, the anthers dorsifixed; disc intrastaminal; ovary 1-locular, the solitary ovule subapical, the style short, persistent, terminating in a 3-lobed stigma. Fruit drupaceous, compressed, the endocarp chartaceous; seed virtually fill- ing the lumen of the drupe.
Habit Shrubs to small trees
Distribution A genus of possibly 10-15 species much in need of monographic revision. Most of the species have been described on the basis of differences in leaf form and pubescence, characters which may be quite variable on an individual plant. The distribution of the genus is from Honduras to Peru and southern Brazil; one species is known to occur in Panama.
Note Mauria is closely related to the genus Sorindeia Dupetit-Thouars (Gen. Nov. Madag. 23, 1808) of tropical Africa. Marchand (Rev. Anacard. 167, 1869) treated Mauria as a section of Sorindeia and transferred the species of Mauria known at that time to Sorindeia. However, the majority of authors, both before and since Marchand, have recognized these two entities as separate genera. The latter view is adopted in this treatment as adequate discontinuity between them has been found. The virtually apical attachment of the ovule in the genus Mauria as well as the stamens always twice as many as the petals in the typically polygamous flowers would seem to merit generic distinction. That Mauria and Sorindeia are closely related genera, however, cannot be denied.
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