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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 960. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A large genus with about 400 species, chiefly distributed in tropics, represented in Pakistan by 2 native and 1 cultivated species.
Comment/Acknowledgements: EXCLUDED SPECIES

Aristolochia indica L.Sp.pl. 960.1753.

Hasnain & Rahman (Pl. Karachi & Sind 1:69.1957) reported Aristolochia indica L. from canal areas of Sind. This is a South-Eastern Indian species and probably their record is based on misidentification.


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Perennial herbs or shrubs, twining or prostrate, rarely erect. Leaves entire or lobed, 3-7-nerved with a usually dilated petiole, exstipulate but often with an undeveloped axillary stipule-like leaf (pseudostipule). Inflorescence solitary, axillary or in short fascicled racemes. Perianth zygomorphic or actinomorphic, coloured, tubular, tube inflated below, hairy inside, limb oblique, (1-)2 (-3)-lipped. Stamens (5-) 6 or multiples of these with sessile anthers. Ovary 5-6-celled; placentation parietal or axile; ovules many, anatropous, biseriate; style divided into 3,5 or 6 linear or obtuse lobes. Seeds ± compressed, usually winged all around.

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1 Plant glabrous except inside perianth tube Perianth irregular, with a unilateral lobe (2)
+ Plant densely pubescent. Peirenth regular, 3-lobed Aristolochia punjabensis
2 (1) Climber. Perianth lip expanded, 10 mm broad Aristolochia elegans
+ Plant prostrate. Perianth lip linear, 5 mm or less broad Aristolochia bracteolata
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