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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 960. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/27/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 8/27/2015)
Area distribution:

About 120 species, mainly in tropical regions.



     Most species are pollinated by flies and small beetles that are attracted by the colors and odors of the protogynous flowers. The utricle functions as a temporary trap.

    Literature: Davis P.H. and M. S. Khan M.S., Aristolochia in the Near East, Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 23: 515-546 (1961).


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Perennial, rhizomatous herbs or shrubs with frequently twining or climbing stems. Leaves alternate, usually petiolate, cordate or hastate at base, entire. Flowers axillary, pedicellate, variously coloured, sometimes variegated. Perianth zygomorphic, lower part of tube (utricle) swollen around the style, upper part more or less cylindrical, narrowing, straight or variously curved, ending with entire, lobed or appendiculate limb. Stamens mostly 6, with more or less sessile anthers adnate to the stylar column. Ovary inferior, (4-)6-celled, many-ovuled; stylar column composed of (4-)6 or more styles and as many stigmas. Capsule septicidal, usually dehiscent into 6 valves. Seeds many in 1 row, compressed.



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