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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 634. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/10/2022)
Acceptance : Accepted

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Erect, prostrate or creeping annual to perennial herbs (in Pakistan) or shrubs. Leaves opposite, simple, entire to dentate or lobed. Inflorescence a lax, leafy terminal raceme or flowers solitary in axils of leaves. Calyx tubular or campanulate, 5-angled, shortly 5-toothed; tube keeled, plicate. Corolla with cylindrical-campanulate tube and 2-lipped limb (in Pakisan); upper lip 2-lobed, erect or reflexed, flat; lower lip spreading, 3-lobed; throat with a usually swollen, 2-lobed palate. Stamens 4, didynamous, included or exserted; anther lobes transverse. Stigma shortly 2-lobed. Fruit a compressed, loculicidal capsule, valves separating from the central column which bears the placenta (or capsule rarely indehiscent). Seeds numerous, oblong, minute, smooth or reticulate. 

About 150 species, distributed in temperate and tropical Africa, Asia and especially the Americas. Represented in Pakistan by 2 native and 1 cultivated species. 

In the APG III classification (2009) Mimulus is included in the family Phyrmaceae.


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Corolla pale blue or white, 12-15 mm, with distinctly unequal lobes. Leaves linear oblong or lanceolate, 1-veined, entire or rarely denticulate.




 1. M. gracilis


Corolla yellow, 10-40 (-60) mm, usually with red spots at throat, the lobes ± equal. Leaves broadly ovate, with 2 to many pairs of veins, irregularly dentate or serrate.








Corolla c. 10 mm. Stems pubescent with spreading glandular and eglandular hairs. All leaves petiolate.



2. M. karakormianus 


Corolla 20-40 (-60) mm. Stems glabrous (except in inflorescence). Lowest leaves petiolate, others sessile.


3. M. guttatus

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