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Published In: Chenopodearum Monographica Enumeratio 111–113. 1840. (Chenop. Monogr. Enum.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: About 5 species, chiefly of saline marshy places and sea coasts of the Mediterranean and Irano-Turanian regions; 2 species occur in Pakistan.


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Halophytic, succulent, much branched shrubs with jointed leafless stems, sometimes rooting at nodes; internodal segments usually club-shaped, each with a pair of opposite, terminal cups embracing the base of the next segment, and subtending a group of 3 flowers (hermaphrodite or unisexual) ± immersed in the cup. Perianth 3-4-fid, becoming somewhat swollen and spongy in fruit. Stamens 1 (-2). Style rather long with 2 (-3) stigmas. Fruit a utricle with membranous or indurated pericarp. Seed vertical usually endospermous with arcuate embryo.

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1 Seeds smooth glossy; mat-forming herb or shrub; spicate inflorescences 5-7 mm in diameter. 2 Arthrocnemum indicum
+ Seeds finely striate, rugulose-papillose; erect shrub, 40- 100 (-120) cm high; spicate inflorescence 4-5 mm in diameter 1 Arthrocnemum macrostachyum
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