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Published In: Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 1: 166. 1897. (Nat. Pflanzenfam.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/16/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Taxon Profile     (Last Modified On 6/26/2012)
Description: Hermaphroditic or andromonoecious, spiney, pubescent, terrestrial, often monocarpic and proteranthus, weak trees. Stems monocaulous to sparsely branched, pachycaulous. Leaves alternate, petiolate and often peltate, bases clasping but not alate, exstipulate; blades simple, palmately lobed, orbicular to ovate, membranaceous to subcoriaceous, the margins sharply, irregularly and/or coarsely incised and toothed. Inflorescenses terminal, erect, very large and repeatedly branched panicles, often developing after abscission of the leaves, ultimate units sessile to pedunculate umbellules; bracts often foliaceous below but progressively reduced above; pedicels short, usually with two bracteoles, unarticulated. Calyx a minute, fringed rim, often lacerate; petals 5, valvate, free; stamens 5; carpels 2, ovaries inferior, styles free, the disc conical. Fruit a dry schizocarp of 2 three-ribbed, long-ciliate, ellipsoid to ovoid, laterally compressed mericarps, crowned by slightly hooked styles, carpophore fused; endocarp membranous. Endosperm uniform.
Distribution: Malesia (Java, Lesser Sundas, Celebes, New Guinea), in mossy and montane forests, and secondary growth of grass-covered hills. Long thought to occupy an intermediate position between Araliaceae and Apiaceae, molecular data confirms its early divergence in Araliaceae.

 
 
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