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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/9/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 8/9/2013)
Genus Basella L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 272. 1753
Note TYPE: B. rubra L. = B. alba L.
Synonym Gandola L., Sp. P1. ed. 2. 380. 1762. in syn. Based on Gandola alba and G. rubra, Rumphius, Herb. Amboinese 5: 417. 1747. TYPE: Indonesia, not seen.
Description Herbs or vines, stems sometimes thick and succulent, glabrous; roots not tuber
Habit Herbs or vines
Description bearing. Leaves alternate, sessile or short, fleshy, entire. Inflorescences terminal or axillary spikes, lax or erect, crowded or open, the rachis thick or thin, the flowers sessile or pedicellate; bracteate; bracteoles 2, enclosing the base of the flower. Flowers with 5 sepals basally united, imbricate, urceolate, somewhat fleshy, pink, red, or white; stamens 5, the filaments short, straight in bud, inserted on the sepals, basally broadened, the anthers dorsifixed, extrorse, dehiscing longitudi- nally; ovary sessile, 1-locular but sometimes partly partitioned, the styles slender, 3. Fruit purple black, baccate, the perianth parts colored, succulent, and enclos- ing the ovary and the seed; seed subglobose, the embryo spiral or folded.
Distribution Basella is an Old World genus of 5 species, one of which is widely cultivated in the tropics for food and has escaped and naturalized in parts of the New World.
Note Three species are endemic to Madagascar and one, B. paniculata Volkens, is localized in southeast Africa.
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