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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/28/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 3/28/2013)
Genus Homalium Jacquin
PlaceOfPublication Enum. Syst. P1. Ins. Carib. 5, 24, 1760.
Description Trees or shrubs. Leaves usually alternate, petiolate, the stipules minute and caducous, rarely absent, the blade entire to usually serrate-crenate, the teeth glandular beneath, penninerved, without pellucid glands. Inflorescences axillary, racemose or paniculate. Flowers , sessile or pedicellate, the pedicels articulated, the bracts usually minute, caducous or + persistent; calyx tube (or receptacle?) turbinate, adnate to the base of the ovary; calyx lobes 5-8(-12), usually narrow, persistent or accrescent; petals isomerous with the calyx lobes, inserted in the throat of the calyx, alternating with the calyx lobes, persistent or accrescent; stamens epipetalous, isomerous with the petals or in fascicles of 2-8(or more), the filaments filiform, the anthers small, extrorse, dorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent; disk represented by a gland opposite each sepal and alternating with the filaments or fascicles of filaments; ovary with the lower half adnate to the calyx tube (or half inferior?), 1-locular, the placentas parietal, 2-6(-8), each with (1-)2-7 ovules near the apex, the styles isomerous with the placentas, the stigmas simple or capitellate. Fruits capsular, half inferior, ? coriaceous, indehiscent or incompletely 2-8-valvate from the apex; seeds few or solitary, small, angulate, the testa crustace- ous; endosperm copious.
Distribution A large pantropical genus of over 200 species
Note All the neotropical species of Homalium belong to the subg. Myriantheia Warb. (stamens in fascicles) sect. Racoubea Aublet; at present, only one species is reported from Panama.
Reference Blake, S. F., The genus Homalium in America. Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 20: 221-235, 1919. Williams, L. O., Homalium Jacq., In Tropical American plants, II. Fieldiana: Bot. 29: 262-263, 1961.
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