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Published In: Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 12: 355. 1819. (2 Jul 1819) (Trans. Linn. Soc. London) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: About 55 species distributed from the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent and East Asia to the Solomon Islands.


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Deciduous or evergreen, woody, scandent or stoloniferous shrubs with persistent bud scales at the bases of branches. Leaves petiolate, simple, entire. Inflorescence a solitary axillary cyme, rarely a panicle or raceme. Flowers small, greenish, purplish-red or yellowish, bracteolate. Sepals (4-) 5, equal, basally connate, somewhat orbicular-ovate. Petals (4-) 5(-6), equal, oval to oblong. Disc 5-lobed. Stamens (4-) 5(-6), all fertile, inserted on the disc and basally adnate to the petals, anthers ovoid or oblong. Carpels 2, rarely 3, slightly syncarpous; ovary ovoid to conical, 2(-3)-loculed; styles 2, rarely 3, slightly united, terminal, persistent and subbasilar in fruit. Fruit of 1 or 2, almost free, dorsally gibbous, reniform or subglobose drupes with pitted or reticulate bony endocarp. Seed reniform with a brittle testa.
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