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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 534. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: HARALD RIEDL and YASIN J. NASIR
Contributor Institution: Naturhistorisches Museum, Botanische Abteilung, Wien, Austria.


National Herbarium, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.

General/Distribution: A genus of c. 20 species distributed from the western Mediterranean to Asia. No species are found wild in Pakistan, but at least two representatives are widely cultivated and also reported from this area. Both belong to the group with coherent, strongly inflated follicles.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Species not seen

Qureshi & Chaudhri (Pak. Syst. 40-2): (p.31 & 33.1988), mention the following two introduced species which I have not seen.

Nigella orientalis L., Sp. Pl. 534.1753.

Flowers yellow, with lower lip of petals villous. Capsule flattened.

Type: Described from Aleppo, Syria.

Distribution: Caucasus, Turkestan, N. Iran.

Nigella integriolia Regel in Bull. Soc. Mosc. 43:246.1883.

Lower leaves entire, upper 3-5-lobed. Flowers blue. Petals strap-l ike, 2-fid at tip. Carpels 3.

Type: Described from Tadzikistan, C. Asia (LE).

Distribution: C. Asia, Iran. Introduced elsewhere.


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Annual slender plants with strongly dissected leaves and filiform leaf-segments. Flowers regular. Sepals petaloid, blue or whitish, acute, deciduous. Petals nectiferous, 5-10, bilabiate, the outer lips deeply incised. Stamens numerous. Follicles 2-8(-14), more or less coherent, rostrate with long styles, often inflated. Seeds several in each unilocular follicle.

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1.Flowers with a distinct involucre of finely dissected leaves
Nigella damascena
1.Flowers without an involucre
Nigella sativa
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