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Published In: Systema Naturae, Editio Decima 2: 1044. 1759. (Syst. Nat. (ed. 10)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A small genus of about 7 species; distributed from the Sahara and south Russia to Pakistan and eastern Siberia; 1 in south Australia.


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Erect, much branched, armed or unarmed shrubs. Leaves alternate or fasciculate, simple, entire, rarely 3-lobed at the apex, fleshy, stipulate. Inflorescence a scorpioid cyme. Flowers bisexual, sessile to subsessile, pentamerous, yellowish-green or greenish-white; disc small, fleshy. Sepals 5, free, or basally subconnate, imbricate, fleshy, persistent. Petals 5, free, concave, cucullate, without a claw, valvate. Stamens 15, inserted on disc, filaments naked at the base, anthers oblong. Carpels 3; ovary sessile, beset with long appressed silky hairs, oblong-pyramidal, 3-loculed, each locule with a solitary pendulous ovule; style simple, stigmas 3, decurrent. Fruit 1-seeded, triangular-ovoid, acuminate drupe with bony endocarp. Seed ovoid, exalbuminous; embryo straight, cotyledons linear-ovate.

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1.Leaves entire, obtuse mucronate at the apex. Flowers sessile. Sepals and petals glabrous or glabrescent
Nitraria schoberi
1.Leaves mostly retuse or tridentate at the apex. Flowers pedicellate. Sepals and petals canescent hispid
Nitraria retusa
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