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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/4/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 4/4/2013)
Genus Salvia L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 23, 1753.
Description Herbs, annual or perennial, half-shrubs or shrubs, glabrous to pubescent. Leaves simple or rarely pinnately compound, opposite, petiolate, pinnately-nerved, entire or generally dentate, glabrous or pubescent, the hairs frequently uniseriate. Inflorescences verticils, each with 4 or more flowers, or rarely the flowers solitary and opposite, the bracts deciduous or persistent, sometimes showy. Flowers sub- sessile to shortly pedicellate, the bracteoles generally not apparent; calyx tubular or campanulate, bilabiate, rarely the teeth subequal, the upper lip generally entire or sometimes 3-lobed, 3- or 5-9-veined, the lower lip 2-lobed and generally 6-1 0-veined, sometimes with glandular capitate hairs; corolla tubular, zygomorphic,
Habit Herbs or shrubs
Description of 5 united petals, blue, white, or red, naked within or with 2-4 papillae or a ring of hairs above the ovary, bilabiate, the upper lip generally entire and plane, the lower 3-lobed; stamens 2, staminodia sometimes present, mounted on the corolla throat, included in the upper lip or exserted, the filaments distinct, the connective elongate, the lower portion straight, retrorsely toothed or geniculate, the anthers generally with one functional theca; ovary 4-lobed, provided with a dis- tinct gynobase generally forming a nectarium, the style arising from the gynobase, long and slender, bifid near the tip, the branches ? equal, or the posterior branch longer. Nutlets (1-)4, attached at the base, oblong-ovate, brown.
Distribution Salvia is a large genus of 5 00-900 species with an almost cosmopolitain distribution, being well represented in the tropics, the subtropics of the Mediter- ranean region and Mexico, and temperate areas.
Note The genus is easily distinguished from the remaining Labiatae found in Panama by its stamen number', the presence of only one functional theca in each anther, and the distinct connective. Ten species of Salvia are described from Panama. In the original manuscript of Epling, S. tiliaefolia Vahl was treated also, being represented by a single collection, Allen 21 7. However, after comparing the above specimen with non- Panamanian material of S. tiliaefolia (all determined by Epling) as well as a photo (MO) of the type [Berllardi s.n. (C)], I have concluded that Allen 217 is a de- pauperate specimen of S. longimarginata Briq. and that S. tiliaefolia is absent from Panama or at least as of this date has not been collected there.
Key a. Corolla generally blue, sometimes rose or white, the tube 2.5-15 mm long; the bracts inconspicuous; the calyx green, or rarely red. b. At least some upper calyx lips 5-9-veined, styles glabrous or lightly pubescent. c. Corolla tube 2.5-6 mm long, naked within; styles glabrous. d. Verticils 6-10-flowered, the bracts ? lanceolate, ca 2-3 mm long and to ca 2 mm wide. e. Mature calyces to 4 mm long; stamen connective geniculate below the middle and bearing an assurgent arm ..... ...... 1. S. occidentalis ee. Mature calyces ca 6 mm long; stamen connective straight, bearing a retrorse tooth near the middle ..2. S. micrantha dd. Inflorescences densely-flowered, globose in appearance, the bracts broadly reniform, ca 10 mm wide ...... ............... 3. S. hyptoides cc. Corolla tube ca 7-10 mm long, bearing 2-4 well-defined papillae within above ovary; style pubescent near the tip .4. S. pteroura bb. Upper calyx lip 3-veined; styles-pubescent. f. Corolla tube bearing 4 papillae within above the ovary. g. Corolla tube ca 11-15 mm long; verticils ca 0.5-2 cm distant; at least some pedicels ca 4-6 mm long .5. S. membranacea gg. Corolla tube ca 6-7 mm long; verticils crowded; pedicels ca 0.5-2.5 mm long .6. S. polystachya ff. Corolla tube naked within. h. Leaf blades conspicuously attenuate along the petiole; bracts ca long ........................................ 7. S. longimarginata hh. Leaf blades not conspicuously attenuate; bracts > 4 mm long, mostly deciduous; corolla > 10 mm long. i. Delicate herbs; leaves small, ca 2-3 cm long, the bases mostly rounded-truncate, the petioles slender ..... .......... 8. S. trichopes ii. Coarse herbs; leaves larger, at least some 6 cm long, the bases obtuse ........................................ 9. S. alvajaca aa. Corolla crimson., the tube 18-34 mm long; the bracts showy; calyx crimson ...................................................... 10. S. wagneriana
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