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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1187. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: KAMAL A. MALIK
General/Distribution: A genus with 7 species, distributed in Tropical Africa, Madagascar, Indo-china E. java, lesser Sunda Islands, Ceylon, Malaya and India, New Guinea. Repersented in Pakistan by one rarely cultivated speces.


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Very tall dioecious fan leaved plams. Leaves massive, yellowish with broad split base; lamina 90-120 cm across; leaflets induplicate, a thread hanging form each sinus. Petiole armed with irregular spines; a hastula on both surfaces. Inflorescence very long, sheathed with several bracts which are tubular at base; male inflorescence not much branched; male flowers very small, in depressions within imbricating bracts; sepals 3, wedge-shaped, imbricate; petals 3, smaller then sepals, imbricate, obovate-spathulate. Stamens 6, filaments connate with corolla; anthers large, oblong. Female inflorescence less branched than the male; female flowers much large, solitary globose; perianth fleshy; sepals 3, imbricte; petals 3, small convolute; staminodes 6-9; ovary globose, 3-4-celled; ovule orthotropous. Fruit 15-20 cm in diameter; wall fibrous, containing 3 seeds, each with a hard stony wall; endosperm homogeneous.
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