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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/18/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 7/18/2013)
Genus Sapindus L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. PI. 367. 1753
Note TYPE: S. saponaria L.
Synonym Electra Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5: 2. 1790, non DC., 1836, nec Panzer, 1813. TYPE: not indicated. Dittelasma Hook. in Benth. & Hook., Gen. PI. 1: 395. 1862. TYPE: D. rarak (DC.) Hieron. = Sapindus rarak DC.
Description Polygamous shrubs or small trees; stems glabrous or subtomentose. Leaves pin- nate, exstipulate, petiolate, with a narrowly winged or wingless rachis; leaflets opposite or alternate, petiolulate or sessile, elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, entire, membranous or chartaceous. Panicles large, terminal, divaricately branched; bracteoles minute. Flowers white, short-pedicellate, often regular, obliquely sym- metrical, small; sepals 5, orbicular or ovate, concave, imbricate, the outer 2 smaller; petals usually 5, subglabrous or pubescent outside, with a short scale above the claw on the inside, the scale barbate; disc usually regular, glabrous or pilose; stamens 8, exserted, pilose at the base; ovary 3-lobed, 3-locular, the style subulate or shortly filiform, the ovules singular in each locule. Fruits drupaceous, indehiscent, with 3 or 2 (1) cocci, carnose or coriaceous, the cells oblong or globose; seeds usually globose, without an aril.
Habit shrubs or small trees
Note The genus has about 13 species in tropical and warm temperate areas of both hemispheres. Most species have been described from the Old World. It is quite likely that the species treated below is the only one to be found in the Ameri- can tropics. Radlkofer (1933-1934) segregated two other species in Mexico and the southern United States but these are doubtfully separable.
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