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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 398. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A large genus comprising c. 370 species, throughout the N. hemisphere, in cool temperate and alpine regions. Many plants show xerophytic characters, like tufted growth or succulence. Represented in Pakistan by 19 species.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Species dubia

Saxifraga ramulosa Wall.ex DC.Prodr.4:21.1839; C.B. Clarke in. Hook.f.,Fl.Brit.Ind. 2:395.1878; Blatter, Beaut.Flow. Kashm. 1:123.1928; Stewart, Ann.Cat.Vasc.Pl.W.Pak. & Kashm.344.1972.

This species is included probably on the basis of a single specimen from Kashmir, Poosiana, Poonch, Clarke, 28473 (K), Stewart, l.c. We have no material of this species, and the gathering at K cited above does not match with S. Ramulosa

S. Ramulosa bears a close resemblance to S. pulvinaria in facies but can be distinguished by flower colour and the 3-5 leaf pits.


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Herbs, erect or decumbent, caespitose or not, perennial, rarely annuals, frequently with glandular hairs. Leaves simple, exstipulate, alternate or sometimes opposite, foveate or not. Inflorescence in cymes or panicles. Sepals 5, free or basally united. Petals 5. Stamens 10. Carpels 2, free or united at the base; ovary bilocular, superior, inferior or semi-inferio; ovules numerous; styles 2, persistent. Capsule ovoid to globose.

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1.Stolons present
2.Basal leaves petiolate, not ciliate. Stem and pedicels brown villous
Saxifraga hirculus
2.Basal leaves sessile, ciliate. Stem and pedicels not brown villous
3.Leaves setose-ciliate, apex aristate
Saxifraga brunonis
3.Leaves glandular-ciliate, apex not aristate
Saxifraga flagellaris
1.Stolons absent
4.Leaves with pits
5.Flowers 3-5, inflorescence in corymbs
6.Flowers yellow. Peduncle 2.5-3.8 cm long. Styles divergent
Saxifraga meeboldii
6.Flowers grey-purple. Peduncle 2.5 cm long. Styles divergent but recurved at the tip
Saxifraga afghanica
5.Flowers 1(-2), inflorescence terminal
7.Leaf pit 1
8.Flowers red-pink or purplish, subsessile. Carpels almost free
Saxifraga oppositifolia
8.Flowers white, sessile. Carpels basally united
Saxifraga pulvinaria
7.Leaf pits 3-7
9.Leaves ovate-obtuse. Flowers pale-rose. Filaments as long as the petals
9.Leaves linear-oblong. Flowers filac-purple. Filaments shorter than the petals
4.Leaves without pits
10.Bulbils present in leaf axils
11.Only terminal flower developed, remainder represented by bulbils
Saxifraga cernua
11.All flowers normally developed
12.Basal leaves not reniform, margin entire. Flowers yellow
Saxifraga filicaulis
12.Basal leaves reniform, margin lobed. Flowers white
13.Basal leaves petiole c. 10 cm. Leaf lobes 7-13
13.Basal leaf petiole 2.5-4 cm. Leaf lobes 5-7
Saxifraga sibirica
10.Bulbils absent
14.Plants not caespitose. Leaves 1-5 cm long
15.Cauline leaves 0-2, not amplexicaul. Sepals basally united. Flowers reddish
15.Cauline leaves 4-12, amplexicaul. Sepals free. Flowers yellow
16.Basal leaves broadly ovate, obtuse; leaf base subcordate
Saxifraga parnassifolia
16.Basal leaves elliptic to lanceolate, acute; acute; leaf base attenuate
Saxifraga moorcroftiana
14.Plants caespitose. Leaves up to 10 mm long
17.Petals equal to the length of sepals or lacking. Pedicel 6 mm long
17.Petals 1½-2½ times the length of sepals
18.Flowers yellow, subsessile, campanulate. Leaves 4 mm long
Saxifraga jacquemontiana
18.Flowers white, pedicellate, campanulate. Leaves 5-10 mm long
Saxifraga androsacea
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