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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/22/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 3/22/2013)
Genus Schinus L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. PI. 388, 1753
Reference Gen. PI. ed. 5, 184, 1754.
Description Trees or shrubs. Leaves simple or compound (the rachis often winged), the leaflets typically sessile or subsessile. Inflorescences paniculate, terminal or axillary, oo-flowered. Flowers small, usually c' 9 (at least functionally), the pedicels articulated; sepals 4-5, often ciliate marginally; petals 4-5, imbricate at anthesis, usually glabrous; stamens 8-10, those alternate with the petals almost as long as the petals in ' flowers, those opposite the petals ca I2 as long, all greatly reduced in 9 flowers; disc cupular, not tumid, 8-10 crenulate; ovary unilocular, the solitary ovule suspended variously from near the middle to near the apex of the locule, the styles terminal, 3 or occasionally single, the stigmas 3. Fruit a small drupe as broad as long, the exocarp thin, lustrous, usually lavender or red, deciduous, the endocarp bony; seed compressed.
Habit Trees or shrubs
Distribution A genus of about 27 species native to South America; one species, possibly native, extends through Central America into Mexico. Several species are cultivated as ornamentals in tropic and warm-temperate regions of the New and Old World.
Reference Barkley F. A., Schinus L. Brittonia 5: 160-198, 1944.
Key a. Leaves with 1-6 pairs of opposite leaflets; lamina of leaflets various but not narrowly lanceolate, with a length/width ratio of 1.3/1 to 3/1; style 1, the stigmas 3; ovule subapical --------------------1. S. terebinthifolius aa. Leaves with 7-20 pairs of leaflets (often some of the leaflets alternate); lamina of leaflets rather narrowly lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, having a length/ width ratio of 4/1 to 16/1; styles 3, free or confluent only at the base; ovule attached laterally to the ovary wall just above the middle of the locule ... 2. S. molle
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