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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/3/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/3/2013)
Genus Bunchosia Richard ex H.B.K.
PlaceOfPublication Nov. Gen. Sp. P1. 5: 153. 1822.
Note TYPE: Malpighia odorata Jacq.
Description Trees or shrubs. Leaves opposite, coriaceous, chartaceous or membrana- ceous; stipules small, interpetiolar, linear-lanceolate, close to the base of the petiole. Inflorescences of pseudoracemes, axillary or terminal; peduncles bibrac- teolate; 1 of the bracteoles generally glandular. Flowers pedicellate; sepals 5, ovate or elliptic, obtuse with 10 glands or apparently fewer because of fusion; petals yellow, glabrous, clawed, with the limb generally orbicular and dentate, glandular or eglandular; stamens 10, almost equal; filaments glabrous, united into a tube at the base; anthers ellipsoid or somewhat oblong, connective globose, ovate or semiglobose; ovary 2- or 3-carpellate, 2- or 3-locular, villose or glabrous, the styles 2 or 3, free or united, receptacle flat, glabrous. Drupe with 2 or 3 cartilaginous, smooth or somewhat rugose pyrenes; embryo straight; cotyledons thick.
Habit Trees or shrubs
Note Bunchosia is a neotropical genus of about 50 species
Distribution ranging from Mexico to Paraguay and Bolivia, but especially in Mexico, Central America, the West Indies and northern South America.
Note The drupaceous fruits of some species are edible and palatable, as those of B. armeniaca (Cav.) DC. and B. cornifolia. These are red or orange red, the size of a large cherry; they are often cultivated by people who call them "cereza" or "cereza de monte" in Panama according to Standley (1928).
Common cereza cereza de monte
Key a. Inflorescences terminal, of short bifoliate branchlets ...... 3. B. diphylla ssp. brevisurcularis aa. Inflorescences axillary. b. Inflorescences divided from near the base into 3 subequal racemiform branches ...... 7. B. ternata bb. Inflorescences racemiform, the axis simple. c. Leaf blades glabrous or subglabrous. d. Leaf blades coriaceous, rigid, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, gradually acu- minate at apex, attenuate at base, rather small, 6-10 x 2-3 cm; fruit 3-locular ...... 8. B. tutensis dd. Leaf blades subcoriaceous, more flexible, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, usually abruptly long acuminate at apex, 9-17 x 3.5-6.5 cm; axes of inflorescences and peduncles with appressed or subappressed trichomes; ovary 3- or 2-carpellate ...... 5. B. lindeniana cc. Leaf blades conspicuously appressed pubescent, pilose or tomentose. e. Leaf blades densely or sparsely appressed or subappressed pilose, trichomes sessile or with very short pedicel. f. Blades with thin, sessile, mostly very appressed trichomes. g. Blades with small, very fine trichomes, thin and straight, all sessile, more or less completely appressed, only occasionally in contact, ca. 0.5 mm long; ovary 2-carpellate ...... 1. B. cornifolia gg. Blades with larger, very fine, thin and more or less flexuose, sessile appressed or short-stalked trichomes, usually very crowded and contiguous with one another, to ca. 1 mm long; ovary 3-carpellate ...... 4. B. lanieri ff. Leaf blades with subappressed, thicker trichomes, the stalk short or inconspicuous, the arms straight, acute, subappressed parallel to the surface ...... 2. B. dwyeri ee. Leaf blades densely or sparsely patulous pilose, the trichomes very fine with long pedicel and long spreading or patulous arms, entangled into an abundant tomentum ...... 6. B. odorata h. Leaf blades membranaceous or thin papyraceous, usually densely pubescent, of medium size; gynoecium usually 2-parted ...... B . odorata fo. odorata hh. Leaf blades chartaceous or subcoriaceous, strongly nerved beneath, usually larger in size; gynoecium usually 3-parted ...... B. odorata fo. macrophylla
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