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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1038. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: 60 species, N. hemisphere. Represented in Pakistan by 5 species.


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Monoecious or dioecious shrubs or small trees. Leaves scaly or needle‑like, opposite. Male cones terminal or axillary, ovaloid. Microsporophylls bearing 3‑7 microsporangia on the undersurface. Female cones of 3‑8 scales, becoming ± fleshy at maturity. Seeds solitary, not winged.

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1 All leaves linear lanceolate. or broadly so, in whorls of three, subappressed to spreading. (2)
+ Leaves dimorphic, those on lower branches linear-lanceolate or aciculate; on upper branches scale-like, opposite decussate. (3)
2 (1) Leaves 5-15 mm long, lanceolate, jointed at base. Fruit 2-3 seeded. Juniperus communis
+ Leaves 4-7 mm long, ovate lanceolate, not jointed at the base. Fruit 1 seeded. Juniperus squamata
3 (1) Branchlets and shoots ± slender, ± 1.5 mm thick. Fruit globose or nearly so, up to 9 mm broad, 2-6 seeded. (4)
+ Branchlets stout, c, 2 mm thick. Fruit oblong, 10-15 mm long, 1 seeded. Juniperus turkestanica
4 (3) Scale leaves obtuse. Fruit brownish violet, 5-8, 2-3 seeded, Juniperus chinensis
+ Scale leaves acute. Fruit bluish black, 8-9 mm broad, 3-6 seeded. Juniperus excelsa
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