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Published In: A Voyage to Terra Australis 2(App. 3): 547. 1814. (18 Jul-10 Aug 1814) (Voy. Terra Austral.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/5/2012)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/5/2012)
Contributor Text:


Contributor Institution:

Don McNair Herbarium, School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW-2308, Australia

E-mail:abdul.ghafour@newcastle.edu.au; artemisiella89@gmail.com


A small genus of c. 30 species, endemic to Australia and New Caledonian; introduced in other countries as garden ornamentals. Represented by the following introduced species in our flora.


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Trees or low shrubs with silky hairy young shoots. Leaves often leathery, alternate, terete or narrow, entire, acute or acuminate. Flowers bisexual, sessile, showy, variously colored, arranged in bottlebrush-like, pseudoterminal spikes and axis of inflorescence grows beyond to produce leafy shoot, bracts absent or membranous and fugacious, rarely foliaceous and persistent. Calyx tube campanulate or urceolate, adnate below to the ovary, limb 5-lobed, lobes imbricate, ±scarious, deciduous. Petals 5, orbicular, longer than sepals, patent, green, yellow, white, pink or red. Stamens numerous, conspicuous, filaments much longer than petals, showy, free or basally shortly united into a ring. Ovary 3- or 4-loculed, ovules numerous in each locule; style filiform, stigma small. Fruit a globose to urn-shaped, woody capsule, often forming dense spikes. Seeds fine, brown.


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Flowers bright red. Stamens fused into a ring at thebase.
1. C. viminalis
Flowers crimson, sometimes purplish-red or lilac. Stamens not or     inconspicuously united at the base. 
2. C. citrinus

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