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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 668. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-June.
Type: Type: Described from Europe, Herb. Linn. no. 845/2 (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Europe, N. Africa, S.W. Asia; widely introduced elsewhere. Centre of origin: Mediterranean region.
Comment/Acknowledgements: ‘Charlock or wild mustard’ is often found as weed near cultivation, especially in the North and Western areas of W. Pakistan. It is a very variable species and do not cross with any Brassica species. Its green leaves and fruits are edible; fatty oil, obtained from seeds, is used in soap making and also used for food after hydrogenation.
Photo: Sinapis arvensis L. (Photo)
Map Location: C-6 Kurrum valley, Griffith s.n. (K) ; D-4 Quetta, cult. ground, Duthie 8594 (K) ; near Hirok, 8.9.70, Faruqi & Qaiser 2261 (KUH) ; D-5 Loralai, near cult. field, 27.6.57, ,Jafri & Akbar 2318 (KUH).


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Annual, 20-60 cm tall, erect, branched, usually hispid with spreading simple hairs. Lower leaves usually lyrate-pinnate, stalked, 1-3-jugate, up to 20 cm long, ± hispid; terminal lobe large, ovate, coarsely toothed; upper leaves oblong¬obovate or lanceolate, acute, dentate. Racemes 20-40 (-60)-flowered, corymbose, up to 30 cm long in fruit. Flowers c. 10 mm across, yellow; pedicel 3-5 mm long, hardly increasing but thickened in fruit, ± spreading or ascending. Sepals 4-6 (-7) mm long, 1-1.5 (-2) mm broad, yellowish, subspreading, usually glabrous. Petals 7-12 mm long, 3.5-5 mm broad, obovate, clawed. Stamens 4-5 : 6-7 mm long. Siliquae 25-45 mm long, 2.5-4 mm broad (including beak about 1/3 of the entire length of fruit, and 1-2-seeded), subcylindrical, torulose spreading, often glabrous ; valves 3-5-parallel veined; septum submembranous; seeds 3-7 in each locule (rarely more), c. 1.5 mm in diam., brown to almost black, finely alveolate.
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