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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 670. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/23/2009)

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2. Bunias orientalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 670. 1753. TYPE: “Habitat inj Russia.” Lectotype designated by Jonsell & Jarvis (2002: 68): Herb. Linn. No. 847.4 (LINN).

     Herbs, biennial or perennial, sparsely to densely pilose, with multicellular glandular tubercles throughout except for flowers. Trichomes simple and stalked forked. Stems (2.5–)4–10(–15) dm, branched above or rarely basally. Basal leaves not rosulate; petioles (1–)2–10(–15) cm; leaf blade lanceolate, 10–45 cm, coarsely dentate or pinnatifid; lateral lobes oblong or lanceolate, smaller than deltoid or lanceolate terminal lobe; uppermost leaves subsessile, lanceolate or sublinear, dentate or entire. Fruiting pedicels 1–2(–2.3) cm, slender, divaricate, straight. Sepals yellowish green, oblong, 2.5–4 x 1–1.5 mm, spreading, glabrous; petals yellow, obovate to broadly so, (4–)4.5–7(–8) x (2–)3–5 mm; claw slender, 1–2 mm; filaments yellowish, 1.5–3.5 mm; anthers oblong, 0.8–1 mm. Fruits ovoid, rarely suboblong and slightly constricted at middle, terete, (5–)6–7(–8) x 3–4(–5) mm, glabrous, woody, gradually tapering to apex, tuberculate, 1–2-loculed; valves not distinct; style obsolete or rarely to 1 mm; stigma entire. Seeds 1–2 per fruit, subglobose to ovoid, plump, 2–3.5 mm. 2n = 14.

Flowering: Jun–Aug.

Habitat: roadsides, fields, pastures, meadows, disturbed areas, waste places; introduced.

Distribution: native to Europe: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russian part, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine; Asia: NE China (Heilongiang, Liaoning), Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russia; naturalized in Canada (British Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec), United States (Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania).




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